Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Simone: Hello everyone and welcome to Absolute Beginner, season 1, lesson 20: We’re Going to Party in Siófok. I am Simone.
Gergo: And my name is Gergo.
Simone: In this lesson we’re going to learn more about vowel harmony and noun cases.
Gergo: The conversation takes place in Anne’s apartment.
Simone: Between Anne and Balázs.
Gergo: As usual, they use the informal speech.
Simone: Let’s listen to the dialogue now.

Lesson conversation

Anne: Indulhatunk? Tedd a kulcsot a táskába.
Balázs: Oké, indulás!
Anne: Hurrá, megyünk Siófokra! Van barátod Siófokon?
Balázs: Van. A parton lakik.
Anne: Tökjó! Este menni akarok a partra.
Balázs: Naná hogy megyünk.
English Host: Let's listen to the conversation one time slowly.
Anne: Indulhatunk? Tedd a kulcsot a táskába.
Balázs: Oké, indulás!
Anne: Hurrá, megyünk Siófokra! Van barátod Siófokon?
Balázs: Van. A parton lakik.
Anne: Tökjó! Este menni akarok a partra.
Balázs: Naná hogy megyünk.
With Translation
Anne: Indulhatunk? Tedd a kulcsot a táskába.
Anne: “Can we go now? Put the keys in the bag.”
Balázs: Oké, indulás!
Balázs: “OK, let’s go!”
Anne: Hurrá, megyünk Siófokra! Van barátod Siófokon?
Anne: “Hurray, we’re going to Siófok. Do you have any friends in Siófok?”
Balázs: Van. A parton lakik.
Balázs: “I do. He lives on the beach.”
Anne: Tökjó! Este menni akarok a partra.
Anne: “Cool! I want to go to the beach tonight.”
Balázs: Naná hogy megyünk.
Balázs: “Of course we’re going.”
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Simone: Gergo, Why are they going to Siófok?
Gergo: To party, of course. Siófok is the party capital of Lake Balaton and the most “happening” place in summer. The town is on the southern side of the lake.
Simone: Is the southern part better?
Gergo: The water is very shallow and warmer here. It is ideal for people with kids as well. But north has its advantages too. You can hike in the mountains and visit wine cellars.
Simone: Which side of the lake would you choose?
Gergo: I’d probably try to ride a bike around the whole thing. It takes a couple days, but you can get to enjoy cooler mountain slopes, long stretches of beach and forests as well.
Simone: Is it a hard ride?
Gergo: Not really hard, since the entire southern side is flat. Campsites, hotels and guesthouses are also plentiful.
Simone: Now that we did the Lake Balaton plug, let’s jump on vocab.
VOCAB LIST
Gergo: kulcs
Simone: “keys”
Gergo: kulcs
Gergo: kulcs
Gergo: táska
Simone: “bag”
Gergo: táska
Gergo: táska
Gergo: indul
Simone: “leave”
Gergo: indul
Gergo: indul
Gergo: hurrá
Simone: “hurray”
Gergo: hurrá
Gergo: hurrá
Gergo: part
Simone: “beach, lakeside”
Gergo: part
Gergo: part
Gergo: este
Simone: “evening”
Gergo: este
Gergo: este
Gergo: menni
Simone: “to go”
Gergo: menni
Gergo: menni
Gergo: tökjó
Simone: “cool, awesome”
Gergo: tökjó
Gergo: tökjó
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Simone: And that is our vocab for today.
Gergo: The first one I will talk about is hurrá, or “hurray.” You should save it for when you’re uncontrollably happy.
Simone: Sounds very strange when you’re talking about this one textbook style.
Gergo: You may also hear Hungarians say it in a sarcastic manner. Try to imitate my intonation.
Simone: Please repeat.
Gergo: Happy: Hurrá! 2X
{pause}
Gergo: Sarcastic: Hurrá. 2X
Simone: Let’s move on to the verb “leave.”
Gergo: The dictionary form, which as you may very well be aware by now, is also the third person singular is indul.
Simone: How do you use this in first person singular? For example “I’m leaving, guys.”
Gergo: Please repeat: Sziasztok, indulok!
{pause}
Gergo: Sziasztok, indulok!
Simone: This is informal, right?
Gergo: Yes, it has the word szia in it, in the plural. I always use this one at the end of each lesson.
Simone: All right, I seem to remember other uses of the word. When you’re urging someone to move, just like Balázs is this lesson. Please repeat!
Gergo: Indulás, indulás!
{pause}
Gergo: Indulás, indulás!
Simone: This is also informal, is that correct?
Gergo: Yes, it would be very rude to say this to your boss.
Simone: Ok, now let’s turn our attention to grammar.
Gergo: Let’s do that.

Lesson focus

Simone: In this lesson, you’ll learn about the vowel harmony. Also, you’re going to learn more about how to use a couple more case endings.
Gergo: That is the plan and we’re going to jump right in. Just to recap on two things from our last lesson Simone, do you remember what cases are?
Simone: Yes, simply put meanings like “on,” “to,” “inside” and all these localities are expressed in Hungarian by changing the ending of the noun, and these are called cases.
Gergo: That is the gist of it, right. In this lesson we had the sentence: Megyünk Siófokra.
Simone: “We are going to Siófok.”
Gergo: Megyünk Siófokra. The Siófok is the name of the town and -ra attached to the end means “to.” Used with its counterpart, -re, it is very often attached to town names to get the meaning “movement towards, to.”
Simone: How do you say: “We’re going to Budapest”?
Gergo: You have to say: Megyünk Budapestre.
{pause}
Gergo: Megyünk Budapestre.
Simone: This time the other ending, -re.
Gergo: Which ending we use depends on what vowels there are in the noun, as you remember. This would be a good time to refresh your memory on that.
Simone: All right, so we were moving towards something, but now we’re “on” some place, like: “on the beach.” We had a sentence like: “He lives on the beach.” Gergo?
Gergo: A parton lakik.
{pause}
Gergo: A parton lakik. Part is “beach” and -on is “on.” Lakik is “he lives.”
Simone: So -on attached to a noun means “on.”
Gergo: Right. Depending on the vowel setup of the noun, if you want to express the meaning “on,” you use either -on, -en, -ön,- n attached to a noun. Again, -on, -en, -ön,- n.
Simone: Wait, four forms??
Gergo: Yes, rarely, but it happens that four endings show up. We’ll look at them one by one. The word part is a back vowel, so we use -on, another back vowel.
Simone: If you have front vowel word...?
Gergo: The word szék or “chair” has a front vowel. Therefore “on the chair” is széken. “The cat is on the chair”: A macska a széken van. 2X
Simone: That is two endings down.
Gergo: The third one is -ön. This is attached to nouns where the last vowel is ö, ő, ü, or ű, followed by a consonant. Here is an example, repeat the word: bőr
Simone: “Skin.”
Gergo: The last vowel, and indeed, the only vowel is an ő, followed by a consonant. Therefore we attach -ön. Bőrön.
Simone: “On the skin.”
Gergo: Great. And finally, if there is a fourth form, that is usually just one consonant. If there is a one consonant case ending, it must be attached to a noun where the last letter (or sound) is a vowel of any kind.
Simone: An example please!
Gergo: Repeat the word repülő. 2X It means airplane, and the last letter is a vowel. If you want to say “on the plane,” you must go:
Simone: (interrupts) Repülőn.
Gergo: Very good, just simply add a -n, without a look at the vowels. “I am on the plane” is a repülőn vagyok. 2X
Simone: So let me go through it again. Many case endings have more than one form. Which form we use is determined by the vowel setup of the noun we attach it to.
Gergo: Right. Most suffixes have two forms, some have three and a very few have four. We’ve given you examples and rules on how to decide which one to use. This should be sufficient 90% of the time, there are of course irregularities and anomalies, but mostly you’re fine.
Simone: Phew, that was long.
Gergo: All right, I’ll let the listeners go now.
Simone: Tune in next time!
Gergo: Sziasztok.

7 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

HungarianPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
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Hurrá!

I love going to the beach! Where do you like to go?

HungarianPod101.com Verified
Monday at 01:48 AM
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Szia Fabio!

"él" mean: live- being alive

"lakik" means: live- have the residence somewhere


Jó tanulást!


Zsuzsanna

Team HungarianPod.com

Fabio
Friday at 04:41 AM
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What's the difference between él and lakik?

HungarianPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 01:59 AM
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Szia Robert,


Thank you for your comment.


I'm not sure I understood your question. We usually say "write something down" as "leír valamit egy papírra".


Did I answer your question?


Please don't hesitate to contact us if you have any other questions,


Cheers,

Dorottya

Team HungarianPod101.com

Robert
Sunday at 02:51 AM
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The sentence write it on paper. írt a papirra nem papiron?

HungarianPod101
Monday at 07:02 PM
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Hi Kati, thanks for pointing this out! We have fixed the error now.

Kati
Monday at 10:16 AM
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Tökjó! Este menni akarok a partra.


She actually says: Este le akarok menni a partra.