Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Gergo:
Sziasztok. Gergó vagyok.
Simone:
Hi, Simone here! Welcome to HungarianPod101.com. Absolute Beginner, Season 1, Lesson 1: Finding New Friends in Hungary! In this lesson, you’ll learn how to say hi to people and ask their names.
Gergo:
Sziasztok! That’s right.
Simone:
So, where does this conversation take place?
Gergo:
It takes place on the train, where Anne, our main character, speaks with Balázs, a Hungarian guy who sits next to her. Balázs noticed she had a foreign accent and he wants to get to know her better.
Simone:
Ok, so listen carefully everyone!

Lesson conversation

Anne:
Jó reggelt!
Balázs:
Szia! Hogy hívnak?
Anne:
Anne Smith.
Balázs:
Én Pál Balázs vagyok.
Anne:
Szia, ööö, Balázs?
Balázs:
Igen, Balázs. Örülök, hogy megismertelek.
Anne:
Én is.
English Host:
Let's listen to the conversation one time slowly.
Anne:
Jó reggelt!
Balázs:
(smiling) Szia! Hogy hívnak?
Anne:
Anne Smith.
Balázs:
Én Pál Balázs vagyok.
Anne:
Szia, ööö, Balázs?
Balázs:
Igen, Balázs. Örülök, hogy megismertelek.
Anne:
Én is.
With Translation
Anne:
Jó reggelt!
Anne:
“Good morning!”
Balázs:
(smiling) Szia! Hogy hívnak?
Balázs:
”Hi! What is your name?”
Anne:
Anne Smith.
Anne:
“Anne Smith.”
Balázs:
Én Pál Balázs vagyok.
Balázs:
“I’m Balázs Pál.”
Anne:
Szia, ööö, Balázs?
Anne:
“Hi, er, Balázs?”
Balázs:
Igen, Balázs. Örülök, hogy megismertelek.
Balázs:
“Yes, Balázs. Nice to meet you.”
Anne:
Én is.
Anne:
“Nice to meet you too.”
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Simone:
Alright, so Anne meets a new person on the morning train, Balázs. Is that a common name, by the way?
Gergo:
Yes, I know a lot of men with that name among twenty-somethings in Hungary. By the way, you should remember that Hungarian names don’t follow the Western order.
Simone:
That means that in Hungarian, family names come first.
Gergo:
And to complicate matters even further, Hungarians will assume you don’t know this, so they switch it to the western order for you convenience.
Simone:
But now that you know it, you’ll probably just switch it back mentally.
Gergo:
When in doubt, don’t be afraid to ask, just like our main character Anne did. So, Simone, shall we go over the vocabulary we have for this lesson?
Simone:
Let’s do that.
VOCAB LIST
Simone:
Now let’s take a look at the vocabulary in this lesson.
The first expression is:
Gergo:
Jó reggelt!
Simone:
“Good morning!”
Gergo:
Jó reg-gelt!
Gergo:
Jó reggelt!
Gergo:
Szia!
Simone:
“Hi.”
Gergo:
Szi-a!
Gergo:
Szia!
Gergo:
Hogy hívnak?
Simone:
“What is your name?”
Gergo:
Hogy hív-nak?
Gergo:
Hogy hívnak?
Gergo:
Én … vagyok.
Simone:
“I am ...”
Gergo:
Én … vagy-ok.
Gergo:
Én … vagyok.
Gergo:
Örülök, hogy megismertelek.
Simone:
“Nice to meet you.”
Gergo:
Ö-rü-lök, hogy me-gis-mer-te-lek.
Gergo:
Örülök, hogy megismertelek.
Gergo:
Én is.
Simone:
“Me too.”
Gergo:
Én is.
Gergo:
Én is.
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Simone:
Alright, so what other vocabulary and phrases are we going to mention in this lesson?
Gergo:
Well, we’ll start with the two greetings. Jó reggelt and szia.
Simone:
Jó reggelt is “Good morning” and szia is “hi”, right?
Gergo:
Right. Now, you can say hi to other young people, but usually not to the elderly or superiors, unless you have already agreed to use this form.
Simone:
This has to do with the formal-informal language. We’ll always try to give the listeners the appropriate form in a certain situation. Can we hear those two again?
Gergo:
Sure. Jó reggelt! Jó reggelt!
Simone:
“Good morning.” This is easier to use – with anyone, basically.
Gergo:
Szia! Szia!
Simone:
“Hi.”
Gergo:
There is another thing about szia. It should only be used to address one person. When we want to say hi to multiple friends, say sziasztok. Sziasztok.
Simone:
Let’s move on Gergo, we’ll have plenty of time to explain this to our listeners in other lessons too.
Gergo:
Sorry. Hogy hívnak? Hogy hívnak?
Simone:
“What is you name?”
Gergo:
Yes. Again, you should only use it when addressing young people. Asking someone’s name outright is a bit weird sometimes, but in this situation it is perfectly fine.
Simone:
Also, it is really hard to hit on someone without knowing her name.
Gergo:
Right. Again: Hogy hívnak? Hogy hívnak?
Simone:
“What is your name?” Good. What else do we have?
Gergo:
One last expression then a bit of grammar.
Simone:
All right, in this order, please.
Gergo:
Örülök, hogy megismertelek. Örülök, hogy megismertelek.
Simone:
“Nice to meet you!” Do you want to break it down for us?
Gergo:
Not at this point, if you don’t mind. All I’m going to say is that this is to be used in informal situations.

Lesson focus

Simone:
OK. Let’s hear that again and move on to the grammar point.
Gergo:
Örülök, hogy megismertelek.
Grammar Point:
Simone:
So, Gergo, what’s the grammar point for today?
Gergo:
We’re going to talk about the verb vagyok.
Simone:
Which is?
Gergo:
“I am.” Our sentence was: Pál Balázs vagyok. Just state your name and say vagyok to express who (or what) you are.
Simone:
I noticed that Hungarians sometime say just their names in this situation, though, without any verbs.
Gergo:
That happens too, yes. Are you trying to mess with my authority?
Simone:
Absolutely not. Don’t worry.
Gergo:
Haha, good. Now try this: Diák vagyok. Diák vagyok.
Simone:
Diák vagyok. What does it mean?
Gergo:
“I’m a student.”
Simone:
Nice one. I got it. No more unwanted questions. Say that again please, and let’s make them practice a bit.
Gergo:
Diák vagyok.
Gergo:
Now that we've got that out of the way, say: Amerikai vagyok. Amerikai vagyok.
Simone:
Yeah, it’s simple. Amerikai vagyok. I’m American, right?
Gergo:
Yes, good job Simone. Repeat that a couple times. Amerikai vagyok.
Simone:
You can pretty much pick up any kind of noun or even adjective, and stick it before vagyok, to express “I am something.” Can you go for an adjective now?
Gergo:
Sure. Éhes vagyok. Éhes vagyok.
Simone:
“I am hungry.” But before you all run to the shop, we’re going to cover second and third person singular as well.
Gergo:
In second person singular the verb “to be” is vagy. Vagy. It works the very same way as vagyok, just use it with any noun or adjective. Orvos vagy. Orvos vagy.
Simone:
“You are a doctor.”
Gergo:
Amerikai vagy. Amerikai vagy.
Simone:
“You are American.” These sentences sound a bit unnatural.
Gergo:
I know, but change your intonation a bit and bam, you have questions: Orvos vagy? Orvos vagy?
Simone:
“Are you a doctor?” Nice. Give us a few more examples, please, and we’ll also give the listeners a few moments to repeat after you.
Gergo:
Szomjas vagy? Szomjas vagy?
Simone:
“Are you thirsty?”
Gergo:
Magyar vagy? Magyar vagy?
Simone:
“Are you Hungarian?”
Gergo:
All right, we can now ask and answer. Ready?
Simone:
Shoot.
Gergo:
Szomjas vagy?
Simone:
Szomjas vagyok. “Are you thirsty?” and “I am”. I’ll ask another one: Amerikai vagy?
Gergo:
Amerikai vagyok. “I’m an American” - which is not true, but we are still on lesson one, no need to explain everything just yet. One thing though: Remember that these are all informal sentences.
Simone:
All right, I think that is enough for one lesson. They’ll have plenty of time to pick these up.
Gergo:
Just make sure you listen to the conversation a couple times and you’ll be speaking Hungarian in no time.
Simone:
In the meantime, if you have any questions...
Gergo:
… post them in the comments section. Sziasztok!
Simone:
See you next time!

118 Comments

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HungarianPod101.com
Tuesday at 6:30 pm
Pinned Comment
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Jó reggelt! Hogy hívnak?

 

 

HungarianPod101.com
Saturday at 6:21 pm
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Szia Ray!

It’s simply Balázs Pál! 😉

The difficulty comes from the fact that his first name and last name are both first names in Hungary. It’s like calling someone Pierre Olivier in French! Well, it’s pretty difficult for us too!

A trick: Ask how they prefer to be called! 😎
Hogy hívhatom? in polite and
Hogy hívhatlak? in familiar

They will surely tell you their first name as in Hungary we don’t call each other on the family name!
Please don’t hesitate if you need any other help!

Szép napot!
Dorottya
Team HungarianPod101.com

Ray
Monday at 1:32 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Szia Dorottya,
Köszönöm!

Another 2 questions. The dialog says that sometimes Hungarians reverse their name:
1.how does Pál Balázs sound reversed?
2.if someone tells me their name, how can I tell the difference between “last name, firstname” and “first and lastname”?
😐

HungarianPod101.com
Monday at 12:36 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Szia Ray!

Üdvözöllek az oldalon! Thanks for the comment!

If he said it in this order, Pál is his family name and Balázs is his first name! 😆 In Hungary we always start with our Family name first!

You can say simply: Örvendek! to say Nice to meet you in a short way! 😎

Sok sikert!
Dorottya
Team HungarianPod101.com

Ray
Sunday at 5:52 pm
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Pál Balázs:
which is his first name?

Ray
Sunday at 5:51 pm
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Pál Balázs:
which is his first nam

Also, as a newbie, there’s no way I can remember “örülök, hogy megismertelek”!
Is there a shorter version?

HungarianPod101.com
Wednesday at 3:24 am
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Szia Walt!

There is no “hoy” in Hungarian, the correct sentence is “Örülök, hogy megismertelek, Géza.”

I checked the pdfs, but unfortunately couldn’t find the the typo.

In which part did you find this mistake?

Thanks for your comment,
Dorottya
Team HungarianPod101.com

HungarianPod101.com
Monday at 4:04 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Szia Chris,

Unfortunately, Google Translate’s weak point is Hungarian language. I personally don’t recommend to use it for Hungarian, though it works pretty well for English- French - German or Spanish language.

Nagyon szépen köszönjük! means literally We thank you very much.

“Mi” has another meaning: What
Ex. Mi a baj? : What’s wrong?

From the beginner season, you get to know these suffixes one by one. Once you get used to the logic, it becomes quite simple.
Try not to translate word by word to English because it makes language learning more difficult for Hungarian!

Don’t give up, the beginning is always the hardest!

Dorottya
Team HungarianPod101.com

Walt
Monday at 2:24 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Excuse me, I’m confused again. One of the PDFs contains the sentence “Örülök, hoy megismertelek, Géza.”. Is “hoy” a verb form which we will learn later, or is this a typo in the PDF?

Christiaan ( or Chris )
Tuesday at 9:49 pm
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Szia Dorottya,
My mistake, I wrote in my message “Christiaan vagyok”, maybe lost my concentration 😇
Google gives Nagyon szépen köszönjük!, for thank you very much! I can’t see plural here. (?)
I haven’t learned or looked for lesson(s) about this topic.
Therefore I cannot make these nouns because I do not know these suffixes (nor prefixes). Could you give me where I can learn all that?
On Google I copied én, te, ő, mi, ti, ők, I got wrong transl. for ő, mi, it gave this, what.
Solo, for mi it gives we, but it gives an (impolite) example: mi a fene, in this example mi is what. Has mi two or more meanings?
Nagyon köszönöm,
Chris.

HungarianPod101.com
Monday at 12:38 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Szia Chris,

Thank you very much for the interesting question!

Actually, vagyok is not a personal pronoun, but the equivalent of the verb “to be” in the first person of singular form. The personal pronoun is “én, te, ő, mi, ti, ők” which are very often hidden in the sentence. We don’t necessarily have to put them in the sentence simply because the personal suffixes guide us on the person who is doing the action.

For example, to say: ” I thank you” you would use the verb thank in Hungarian with the personal suffix: “köszönöm”.
To say it in the third person, (he , she) you would use “köszöni”, and in the first person of plural: köszönjük.

During the beginner season you will learn more on these suffixes, but if you have any other questions, please don’t hesitate to send us a comment!

Good luck,
Dorottya
Team HungarianPod101.com