Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Simone: Hello everyone and welcome. This is our Absolute Beginner, season 1, lesson 24: Let’s Drink to the Successful Hungarian Semester, I’m Simone.
Gergo: And I am Gergo.
Simone: In this lesson, we’re going to learn more about case endings and what to say around a Hungarian table.
Gergo: The dialogue takes place in a crowded restaurant.
Simone: Anne and Balázs are speaking, but there are other friends present.
Gergo: They use the formal language.
Simone: Take it away.

Lesson conversation

Anne: Sziasztok, üljetek le.
Balázs: Mire iszunk?
Anne: Igyunk a sikeres tanévre és a téliszünetre.
Balázs: Egészségedre.
Anne: Sziasztok.
Balázs: Na egyetek valamit, jó étvágyat!
Anne: Jó étvágyat!
English Host: Let's listen to the conversation one time slowly.
Anne: Sziasztok, üljetek le.
Balázs: Mire iszunk?
Anne: Igyunk a sikeres tanévre és a téliszünetre.
Balázs: Egészségedre.
Anne: Sziasztok.
Balázs: Na egyetek valamit, jó étvágyat!
Anne: Jó étvágyat!
With Translation
Anne: Sziasztok, üljetek le.
Anne: “Hi guys, take a seat!”
Balázs: Mire iszunk?
Balázs: “What are we drinking to?”
Anne: Igyunk a sikeres tanévre és a téliszünetre.
Anne: “Let’s drink to the successful semester and the winter holiday.”
Balázs: Egészségedre.
Balázs: “Cheers.”
Anne: Sziasztok.
Anne: “Cheers.”
Balázs: Na egyetek valamit, jó étvágyat!
Balázs: “Eat something guys, enjoy your meal.”
Anne: Jó étvágyat!
Anne: “Enjoy your meal.”
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Simone: All righty, they are wrapping up the semester.
Gergo: And there are some rules you and Anne have to learn to follow around a Hungarian table.
Simone: What are those?
Gergo: When everyone is drinking together, you have to make sure to look into each other’s eyes when the glasses clink.
Simone: That is normal.
Gergo: It is also polite not to cross hands with anyone, and not to put the glass on the table once you raised it. That is, without drinking out of it first.
Simone: Do I have to put the entire drink back in one go?
Gergo: Not necessarily, but it’s best you keep one eye open while drinking to see what others do. The same is true when you’re drinking beer. Hungarians didn’t used to toast with beer.
Simone: This is changing nowadays, as I remember.
Gergo: Right, just pay attention to how others do it.
Simone: Okay, let’s go to vocab now.
VOCAB LIST
Gergo: ül
Simone: “sit”
Gergo: ül
Gergo: ül
Gergo: le
Simone: “down”
Gergo: le
Gergo: le
Gergo: iszik
Simone: “drink”
Gergo: i-szik
Gergo: iszik
Gergo: sikeres
Simone: “successful”
Gergo: si-ke-res
Gergo: sikeres
Gergo: tanév
Simone: “school year”
Gergo: ta-név
Gergo: tanév
Gergo: téliszünet
Simone: “winter holiday”
Gergo: té-li-szü-net
Gergo: téliszünet
Gergo: Egészségedre!
Simone: “Cheers!”
Gergo: E-gész-sé-ged-re!
Gergo: Egészségedre!
Gergo: eszik
Simone: “eat”
Gergo: e-szik
Gergo: eszik
Gergo: étvágy
Simone: “appetite”
Gergo: ét-vágy
Gergo: étvágy
Gergo: Jó étvágyat!
Simone: “Enjoy your meal”
Gergo: Jó ét-vá-gyat!
Gergo: Jó étvágyat!
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Simone: This is the vocab for today, what do you have to say to us?
Gergo: In this lesson, the vocab section contains a lot of useful expressions to be used around the table. The first one is egészségedre, or “cheers.”
Simone: That sounds awful.
Gergo: I know, foreigners often find it impossible to remember. Please everyone, repeat after me. Egészségedre.
{pause}
Gergo: Egészségedre. This one is conjugated informal, singular. Should there be many people around the table, you have to say: Egészségetekre.
Simone: Wow, you are really not making this easy...
Gergo: Sorry, that’s just how it is. I’ll repeat: Egészségetekre.
Simone: But I’ve heard something easier in the dialogue too...
Gergo: That’s a cop out, but I’ll teach it anyway. Some people when giving a toast just say sziasztok. This is totally acceptable, but I recommend you try the harder one to win over your audience. Besides, egészségedre is also used when someone has finished the food you cooked or bought.
Simone: What else is there?
Gergo: The second one is to be used when you start eating. You say jó étvágyat.
Simone: “Enjoy your meal.”
Gergo: Jó étvágyat! Étvágy is “appetite.” The whole phrase means “I wish you a good appetite.”
Simone: What is an acceptable response to this?
Gergo: Nothing, you just repeat the same phrase.
Simone: What if I don’t have an appetite?
Gergo: Than you say: nincs étvágyam. I’ll repeat that. Nincs étvágyam.
Simone: “I have no appetite.” A useful phrase at the doctor’s office.
Gergo: One last thing for the vocab section. The word tanév means one “school year.” If you want to say “semester” in Hungarian, that is...
Simone: ...drum rolls....
Gergo: szemeszter.
Simone: We’ll go to grammar now.

Lesson focus

Simone: In this lesson, we’re going to learn the expressions that you can use around the table.
Gergo: Right, we are going to learn a couple of phrases that all mean “to something.”
Simone: What was the first sentence?
Gergo: Igyunk a sikeres tanévre!
Simone: “Let’s drink to the successful school year.”
Gergo: Igyunk a sikeres tanévre! The first word, igyunk is the first person plural imperative for “drink.” Sikeres is “successful” and then we have tanév plus a case ending, -re. Tanévre. This means “to the, for the school year.”
Simone: Another use of the endings -ra, -re.
Gergo: As usual, the vowel setup of the base noun decides which ending to be used.
Simone: All right, let’s hear another example now. “Let’s drink to friendship.”
Gergo: Please repeat: Igyunk a barátságra.
{pause}
Gergo: Igyunk a barátságra. Barátság is friendship, the ending is -ra.
Simone: Can you help us out with those vowels and endings again?
Gergo: If you can’t remember which vowel is front and which one is back, remember this: Disregarding vowel length, the word autó has all the back vowels.
Simone: “Car”, right?
Gergo: Yes. The other memory hook is teniszütő, which means “tennis racket.” This one has all the front vowels, again, disregarding length.
Simone: OK, back to this lesson.
Gergo: Right, here is another use of the ending, -ra, -re. Please repeat: Mire költöd a pénzed?
Simone: “What are you spending your money on?”
Gergo: Mire költöd a pénzed? The fist word is the question word mi plus -re. Mire means “on what” actually. Költöd is “you spend” and pénzed is “your money.”
Simone: Let’s say I’m spending it on clothing.
Gergo: Ruhára költöm.
{pause}
Gergo: Ruhára költöm. Ruhára is “on clothing” and költöm is “I spend.”
Simone: Any other examples?
Gergo: The question “what are you thinking about” also uses this case. Mire gondolsz?
Simone: And of course the answer as well.
Gergo: A jövőmre gondolok.
Simone: “I’m thinking about my future.”
Gergo: A jövőmre gondolok. Jövőm is “my future” and gondolok is “I’m thinking about.”
Simone: All right, that does it for today.
Gergo: Make sure you pick up our lesson notes for more info and try all the cool features at the website.
Simone: Okay, bye everyone.
Gergo: Sziasztok.

11 Comments

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HungarianPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 06:30 PM
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Szia!

What are you going to spend your money on? - Mire költöd a pénzed?

HungarianPod101.com Verified
Saturday at 04:47 PM
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Szia Sonja,


The question is great! Indeed, "sziasztok" is a plural form. This suggests there are more people in the room, hence the plural greeting. However later on in the discussion, Anna indeed says "egészségedre" which is a singular form, suggesting that she is sharing a table only with Balázs and the other people in the room are a bit further away. Hope this clarifies it. 😉


Feel free to contact us if you have any questions. Good luck with your language studies.


Best,

Levente

Team HungarianPod101.com

Sonja
Wednesday at 07:22 PM
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I see... I was confused because later on Balázs says 'Egészségedre', and they said that if there were more people it should be said 'Egészségetekre'.

I just wanted to understand if the dialogue was in singular or plural. For example 'üljetek le'...

Thank you!

Sonja

HungarianPod101.com Verified
Monday at 09:53 PM
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Hi Sonja!

I think there are more people at the table celebrating the successful semester.


Zsuzsanna

Team HungarianPod101.com

Sonja
Tuesday at 08:29 PM
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Hello.

Why does Anne say Sziasztok at the beginning of the dialogue if she is talking to one person?


Thank you!

HungarianPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 05:40 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Eva!


Your question is not bad, but the logic is different here.


-at does not refer to number, but to case. It is the mark of the accusative case (the same case that changes "he" to "him" in "I love him")


You can't leave it out here. :smile:


Hajrá!


Csaba

Team HungarianPod101.com

Eva
Saturday at 12:40 AM
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Can you say Jó étvágy! If you are talking to only one person or would you still say Jó étvágyat!

Köszönöm

Eva

HungarianPod101.com Verified
Friday at 06:15 PM
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Hi Kati,


We're sorry again. You can find the features for Premium members correctly for this lesson.

Thanks.


Jae / HungarianPod101.com

Kati
Saturday at 02:44 AM
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What about the vocabulary list, flashcards, etc.?

HungarianPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 08:22 AM
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Hi Pat,

Thank you for the comment. We've just fixed the issue, so you can find the PDF file on the top of this lesson correctly.


We're sorry for the inconvenience.


- Jae / HungarianPod101.com

Pat
Tuesday at 05:32 PM
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Szia,


This lesson seems to be missing some content. PDF is misidentified as Lesson Notes.


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