Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

 INTRODUCTION
Simone: Hi everyone and welcome to Upper Beginner Hungarian, season 1, lesson 15, What's Your Hungarian Name?. I am Simone.
Csaba: And I am Csaba.
Simone: In this lesson we’re going to learn ti identify verb stems.
Csaba: The conversation takes place at Susan’s school.
Simone: The conversation is between Susan and student.
Csaba: They use the formal language.
Simone: Let’s listen to it now.
DIALOGUE
Diák: Tanárnénit hogy hívják?
Susan: Hiszen tudod a nevem. Susan.
Diák: De magyarul?
Susan: Ó, azt nem tudom. Van magyar nevem is?
Diák: Én sem tudom. Azt hiszem Zsuzsa. Zsuzsa néni.
Susan: Megkérdezem otthon. De a Zsuzsa néni is elmegy, ha ragaszkodsz hozzá.
Diák: Juhéé! Elneveztem a tanárnénit magyarul.
English Host: Let’s hear the conversation one time slowly.
Diák: Tanárnénit hogy hívják?
Susan: Hiszen tudod a nevem. Susan.
Diák: De magyarul?
Susan: Ó, azt nem tudom. Van magyar nevem is?
Diák: Én sem tudom. Azt hiszem Zsuzsa. Zsuzsa néni.
Susan: Megkérdezem otthon. De a Zsuzsa néni is elmegy, ha ragaszkodsz hozzá.
Diák: Juhéé! Elneveztem a tanárnénit magyarul.
English Host: Now let’s hear it with the English translation.
Diák: Tanárnénit hogy hívják?
Simone: What is Miss called?
Susan: Hiszen tudod a nevem. Susan.
Simone: But you know my name. Susan.
Diák: De magyarul?
Simone: But in Hungarian?
Susan: Ó, azt nem tudom. Van magyar nevem is?
Simone: Oh, I don't know that. Do I have a Hungarian name?
Diák: Én sem tudom. Azt hiszem Zsuzsa. Zsuzsa néni.
Simone: I don't know either. I think it might be Zsuzsa. Miss Zsuzsa.
Susan: Megkérdezem otthon. De a Zsuzsa néni is elmegy, ha ragaszkodsz hozzá.
Simone: I'll ask about it at home. But miss Zsuzsa will do fine, if you insist.
Diák: Juhéé! Elneveztem a tanárnénit magyarul.
Simone: Yay! I've given a Hungarian name to our teacher!
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Simone: So we were thinking about teaching you a couple of names that you’ll definitely not find outside Hungary.
Csaba: Yes, don’t come to Hungary and choose a name you can have anywhere is the world like Judit and Zsuzsanna. Instead, a cool, exclusively Hungarian female name is Réka. Many foreigners opt for Réke when they come to Hungary.
Simone: Réka.
Csaba: This is a Hun name actually and it was the name of Attila’s favorite wife. Another great name would be Emese.
Simone: Which is an important name in Hungarian mythology. We’ll come back to revisit Hungarian mythology later.
Csaba: And finally, you can also choose Csenge, another exclusively Hungarian surname. I have to tell you though, living with such an exclusive name abroad leads to a lot of explaining. Says the guy whose name is Csaba.
Simone: Haha, I know. Next time we’ll teach you a couple of male names too.
Csaba: All right, let’s see the vocab section.
VOCAB LIST
Simone: Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
The first word we shall see is:
Csaba: hív [natural native speed]
Simone: call
Csaba: hív [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Csaba: hív [natural native speed]
Next:
Csaba: tanár néni [natural native speed]
Simone: Miss
Csaba: tanár néni [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Csaba: tanár néni [natural native speed]
Next:
Csaba: Hiszen... [natural native speed]
Simone: But...
Csaba: Hiszen... [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Csaba: Hiszen... [natural native speed]
Next:
Csaba: megkérdez [natural native speed]
Simone: ask
Csaba: megkérdez [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Csaba: megkérdez [natural native speed]
Next:
Csaba: elmegy [natural native speed]
Simone: will do, good enough
Csaba: elmegy [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Csaba: elmegy [natural native speed]
Next:
Csaba: ragaszkodik [natural native speed]
Simone: insist on
Csaba: ragaszkodik [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Csaba: ragaszkodik [natural native speed]
Next:
Csaba: hozzá [natural native speed]
Simone: to it
Csaba: hozzá [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Csaba: hozzá [natural native speed]
Next:
Csaba: elnevez [natural native speed]
Simone: name
Csaba: elnevez [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Csaba: elnevez [natural native speed]
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Simone: Let's have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Simone: The first vocab item is the following phrase
Csaba: In Hungarian
Simone: Yes, we remember the previous lesson. Can you use it in a sentence?
Csaba: Elneveztem az autómat Bélának.
Simone: “I've named my car Béla.”
Csaba: Elneveztem az autómat Bélának. The name you're giving the object takes the -nak, -nek ending. Bélának.
Simone: All right, let’s move on.
Csaba: Hiszen... is like “But...” The person using this adverb has difficulty believing something.
Simone: Let’s try this example. What do you say, when you finally find your keys?
Csaba: Hiszen mindenhol kerestem!
Simone: “But I've looked everywhere.”
Csaba: Hiszen mindenhol kerestem! Sometime it expresses more surprise, instead of disbelief. If you see a friend reaching for an umbrella in sunny weather, you say
Simone: “But it isn't raining.”
Csaba: Hiszen nem is esik. In the dialogue we learned the word Elmegy. Last time we said that it meant
Simone: All right, repeat this
Csaba: Ez a cipő még elmegy. 2X And the last word is tanár néni, which is a way young kids address their lady teachers. tanár néni.
Simone: All right, let’s see the grammar point for this lesson, shall we?
Csaba: Let’s.

Lesson focus

Simone: In this lesson we’re going to learn to identify the verb stem.
Csaba: It is important to be able to identify that, since many conjugation types are attached to the stem and not to the infinitive or other forms.
Simone: Now there is are regular and irregular verbs. In this lesson we’re going to teach to find the stem of regular verbs. With irregular ones, we’ll slowly learn them one by one in later grammar points.
Csaba: Regular verb stems are the verb, minus the remove -ni, -ani, -eni, -nni ending of the infinitive. Basically, you get an infinitive and remove -ni, or -ani and -eni. A few words end in -nni. You remove both -nn-s.
Simone: Let’s look at the verbs of the lesson and try it. The firs one is “to call.”
Csaba: hívni The stem is hív. Now, with regular verbs the stem is also the third person singular present tense form. So hív is also “he calls.”
Simoen: So let’s see an ending that is attached to that.
Csaba: Hívhatsz este.
Simone: “You can call me tonight.”
Csaba: Hívhatsz este. The next verb is megkérdezni
Simone: “To ask.”
Csaba: The stem
Simone: Let’s say this now
Csaba: Kérdeznék valamit, ha szabad. -nák -nék are the endings for “I would.” This is extremely polite. Kérdeznék valamit, ha szabad.
Simone: Ok, what was the third verb of the lesson?
Csaba: “To go,” or menni. Now, this ends in double -n -i. Menni. This is irregular, you cut off -nni and the stem is me.
Simone: Hardly a word.
Csaba: Indeed, this is not only not the third person or anything, but if you wrote only me on a piece of paper, no Hungarian would make the connection that it is the stem of go.
Simone: Either way, let’s attach something to it.
Csaba: Mehetek este?
Simone: “May I go tonight?”
Csaba: Mehetek este?
Simone: The next verb of the lesson is “to insist on” or “to attach to something.”
Csaba: Ragaszkodni The stem
Simone: Let’s attach some kind of ending to it.
Csaba: A ragaszkodás jó dolog.
Simone: “Attachment to something is a good thing.”
Csaba: A ragaszkodás jó dolog. The -ás ending turns a verb into a noun. And the last verb is regular again
Simone: Can you say this
Csaba: Nevezhetlek Zsuzsikának? 2x Zsuzsika is the diminutive, much like Suzy.
Simone: All right guys. Remember how we identified verb stems and we’ll come back next time with more content and more Hungarian.
Csaba: Until then
Simone: bye!

Outro

Simone: That just about does it for today.
Csaba: Attention premium members, have you used the Grammar Bank?
Simone: The Grammar Bank is a one-stop collection of detailed write-ups on Hungarian grammar.
Csaba: This is a must-have tool for mastering Hungarian.
Simone: Learn the basic formations,
Csaba: read sample sentences,
Simone: and study teacher tips which will really help you master the construction of the Hungarian language.
Csaba: Go to the Resource Materials section on HungarianPod101.com, and click Grammar Bank!

3 Comments

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HungarianPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 06:30 PM
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Hi everyone!

Let's stem Hungarian verbs for fun!

HungarianPod101.com Verified
Monday at 02:00 AM
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Hi Kati!


This is probably a great exception to that rule. Let me try to explain why.


Your sentence is grammatically correct.


Hiszen mindent mondtam el.


Unfortunately the meaning of minden is not compatible with the word order. This is what your example means:

"It is everything, that I told you" (and not nothing)


While the grammar is good, the sentence is somewhat nonsensical. I hope it comes through from the English translation. Does it?:smile:


Csaba

Team HungarianPod101.com

Kati
Wednesday at 10:09 PM
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Hiszen mindent elmondtam. After learning about verbal prefixes n the last lesson, could this be - Hiszen mindent mondtam el. ??