Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Simone: Hi everyone and welcome to Upper Beginner Hungarian, season 1, lesson 23, Getting all Soccer-ed Out in Hungary. I am Simone.
Csaba: And I am Csaba.
Simone: In this lesson we’re going to learn to conjugate the verbs we covered last time.
Csaba: The conversation takes place at an electronics store.
Simone: The conversation is between Susan and a clerk.
Csaba: They use formal language.
Simone: Let’s listen to it now.
DIALOGUE
Eladó: Sokat tévézik?
Susan: Nem annyira, de a párom igen. Nézi a foci EB-t.
Eladó: Akkor ez tökéletes. 124 centi és bármilyen formátumot játszik.
Susan: Van rá garancia? Mennyi?
Eladó: Hat hónap garancia van rá.
Susan: Mennyibe kerül?
Eladó: 350.000 forint plusz áfa.
Susan: Uhh, akkor többet dolgozom.
English Host: Let’s hear the conversation one time slowly.
Eladó: Sokat tévézik?
Susan: Nem annyira, de a párom igen. Nézi a foci EB-t.
Eladó: Akkor ez tökéletes. 124 centi és bármilyen formátumot játszik.
Susan: Van rá garancia? Mennyi?
Eladó: Hat hónap garancia van rá.
Susan: Mennyibe kerül?
Eladó: 350.000 forint plusz áfa.
Susan: Uhh, akkor többet dolgozom.
English Host: Now let’s hear it with the English translation.
Eladó: Sokat tévézik?
Simone: Do you watch TV a lot?
Susan: Nem annyira, de a párom igen. Nézi a foci EB-t.
Simone: Not really, but my partner does. He watches the European (Soccer) Championship.
Eladó: Akkor ez tökéletes. 124 centi és bármilyen formátumot játszik.
Simone: Then this one is perfect. 124 centimeters and it plays all formats.
Susan: Van rá garancia? Mennyi?
Simone: Is there a warranty? How long?
Eladó: Hat hónap garancia van rá.
Simone: Six months warranty.
Susan: Mennyibe kerül?
Simone: How much is it?
Eladó: 350.000 forint plusz áfa.
Simone: 350,000 forints plus VAT.
Susan: Uhh, akkor többet dolgozom.
Simone: Ugh, I'll have to work more.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Simone: Did you watch the European Championship too?
Csaba: I'm not into soccer, but I'm in minority with that in Hungary.
Simone: Oh, I know that. Everyone has an opinion on soccer in Hungary. These people get really loud and agitated every summer when there is a World Cup.
Csaba: Or any major event really. You see, Hungary used to be very good a couple decades ago and this makes everyone an expert.
Simone: Are you one too?
Csaba: Of course. If it was up to me, the national team would be in the top 5 in three years. And I don't even know the players.
Simone: How come they never ask you to captain them?
Csaba: That's what I'd like to know. Apparently they need people “with experience in coaching.” Like that works.
Simone: One day you'll get there. Consider this lesson your application form. All right, let's see some vocab now.
Csaba: All right.
VOCAB LIST
Simone: Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
The first word we shall see is:
Csaba: EB [natural native speed]
Simone: European Championship
Csaba: EB [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Csaba: EB [natural native speed]
Next:
Csaba: tökéletes [natural native speed]
Simone: perfect
Csaba: tökéletes [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Csaba: tökéletes [natural native speed]
Next:
Csaba: centi [natural native speed]
Simone: centimeters (cm)
Csaba: centi [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Csaba: centi [natural native speed]
Next:
Csaba: bármilyen [natural native speed]
Simone: any kind
Csaba: bármilyen [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Csaba: bármilyen [natural native speed]
Next:
Csaba: formátum [natural native speed]
Simone: format
Csaba: formátum [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Csaba: formátum [natural native speed]
Next:
Csaba: játszik [natural native speed]
Simone: play
Csaba: játszik [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Csaba: játszik [natural native speed]
Next:
Csaba: garancia [natural native speed]
Simone: warranty
Csaba: garancia [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Csaba: garancia [natural native speed]
Next:
Csaba: áfa [natural native speed]
Simone: VAT
Csaba: áfa [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Csaba: áfa [natural native speed]
Next:
Csaba: plusz [natural native speed]
Simone: plus
Csaba: plusz [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Csaba: plusz [natural native speed]
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Simone: Let's have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Simone: Where do we start out from?
Csaba: A párom means “my partner.” It is not gender sensitive and it can be used at any age to refer to your sweetheart.
Simone: Is it also used to refer to your spouse?
Csaba: Not unheard of, but it is more common when you're not married yet.
Simone: Use it in a sample sentence.
Csaba: A párom orvos.
Simone: “My partner is a doctor.”
Csaba: A párom orvos. The next word is less delightful. Áfa stands for áruforgalmi adó or “value added tax.”
Simone: But Hungarians rarely use the full form, only the abbreviation.
Csaba: Áfa.
Simone: For most products in Hungary you pay a 25 percent tax, right?
Csaba: Yes. Shop owners don't always advertise with the VAT counted in the price so you should ask. Especially with electronics and expensive objects, you should double check.
Simone: How do I ask the question?
Csaba: Benne van az áfa?
Simone: “Is VAT included?”
Csaba: Benne van az áfa? Moving on with the purchasing process, here is this sentence
Simone: “Is there a warranty for that?”
Csaba: Van rá garancia? Van means “there is” and rá means “onto it.”
Simone: Let's answer that!
Csaba: Van rá egy év garancia.
Simone: “There is a one year guarantee for it.”
Csaba: Van rá egy év garancia. And finally, since we've mentioned soccer
Simone: Right. If you don't specify the sport, Hungarians will assume you're talking about soccer.
Csaba: Repeat this
Simone: “Do you follow the European Championship?”
Csaba: Követed az EB-t?
Simone: All right, let's see some grammar.

Lesson focus

Simone: In this lesson we're going to cover a couple more verbs that are originally formed by taking a noun and adding the -zik ending.
Csaba: As you may remember from last time, we can turn any noun into a verb, by adding -zik to it, if the last sound is a vowel.
Simone: Let's see from the dialogue.
Csaba: Sokat tévézik?
Simone: “Do you watch TV a lot?”
Csaba: Sokat tévézik? The noun tévé...
Simone: “TV.”
Csaba: ...becomes tévézik.
Simone: “watches television” And as we have mentioned last time, when the noun ends in a consonant, you have to attach -ozik, -ezik, -özik.
Csaba: That's right. The usual vowel harmony rules apply. But all of these forms are in third person singular.
Simone: So teach us what happens if you want to say “I'm watching TV?” Let's go step by step.
Csaba: First, you take the noun
Simone: So far it is straightforward, coming from last lesson.
Csaba: Then remove everything after the -z
Simone: OK, let's see an example to that.
Csaba: In first person singular we have learned that the definite conjugation sounds more educated. Let's choose that. Tévézem egy kicsit.
Simone: “I'll watch a bit of TV.”
Csaba: Tévézem egy kicsit. In second person you have to do the same steps. The noun we use will be gitár, or “guitar.”
Simone: Speed it up with the four steps again.
Csaba: gitár – gitározik – gitároz – gitározol
Simone: “Do you also play the guitar?'
Csaba: Te is gitározol?
Simone: “Do you also play the guitar?'
Csaba: Te is gitározol? We already know that the basic ending -zik is third person. This is actually third person, indefinite. Just like in this sentence
Simone: “Thomas is playing a bit of football.”
Csaba: Tamás focizik egyet. Egyet means “a bit.” You cannot really take a definite object to the verb “play football,” but listen to this one
Simone: “Thomas played himself to death.”
Csaba: Tamás kifocizza magát. Focizza is definite conjugation for playing football and with the ki- prefix it means “do it until you are tired.” Magát is “himself.”
Simone: The ki- prefix can carry the meaning “do it well, until you're tired.”
Csaba: Kigitározom magam.
Simone: “I'll play the hell out of my guitar.”
Csaba: Kigitározom magam.
Simone: All right, I think this should do it now.
Csaba: Sziasztok.
Simone: Bye!

Outro

Simone: That just about does it for today.
Simone: Attention perfectionists! You're about to learn how to perfect your pronunciation.
Csaba: Lesson Review Audio Tracks.
Simone: Increase fluency and vocabulary fast with these short, effective audio tracks.
Csaba: Super simple to use. Listen to the Hungarian word or phrase...
Simone: then repeat it out loud in a loud clear voice.
Csaba: You'll speak with confidence knowing that you're speaking Hungarian like the locals.
Simone: Go to HungarianPod101.com, and download the Review Audio Tracks right on the lessons page today!

5 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

HungarianPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
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Hi everyone!

Could you make some sentences using the grammar point?

HungarianPod101.com Verified
Friday at 09:14 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Efrat,


Yes, you are correct, the definite conjugation is not always applicable.

For example if we say "I am watching TV for a bit." it would be "Nézek egy kis tévét."

That said, it is usually not a problem if you use the indefinite version, nowadays both are widely used.


Vivien

Team HungarianPod101.com

Efrat
Thursday at 12:38 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi! :)

I have a question regarding conjugated forms.

In the grammar section it was said that: In first person singular the definite conjugation sounds more educated, hence the chosen form - Tévézem egy kicsit (I'll watch a bit of TV).


How can I know in which cases the definite form will fit better then the indefinite? It clearly doesn't apply to all verbs, right?

I know about few verbs this principle applies to, such as - Eszem, Iszom ... yet, how do I decide what form to use in each case and still make it sound more educated?


Thanks in advance,

Efrat.

HungarianPod101.com Verified
Friday at 02:47 AM
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Kedves Ricsi!


Köszönjük szépen a hozzászólást! Nagyon jó! Én is sokat zongorázok, bár kezdő vagyok - I also like to play piano but I'm a beginner 😳


Szép estét,

Dorottya

Team HungarianPod101.com

Richard Lazar
Monday at 07:42 PM
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Minden nap hegedűzem és zongorázam, mert zenés vagyok. Ez igaz?