Vocabulary (Review)

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Lesson Transcript

Sziasztok, Lívia vagyok! Hi everybody! I’m Livia.
Welcome to HungarianPod101.com’s “Magyar nyelvleckék három percben”. The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Hungarian.
In the last lesson, we learned how to talk about age.
In this lesson, we’re going to learn about possessions in Hungarian. Surprisingly enough, the verb van can also be used to talk about things you own! Convenient, isn’t it?
Here's a question you might be asked: Van autód? “Do you have a car?”
[slowly] Van autód?
Let’s take a closer look at this question.
In this case, the verb stays in its dictionary form. Verbs usually come at the end of a sentence in Hungarian, but when it’s a question, the word order is reversed.
autó means “car”.
You have to conjugate this noun to indicate possession, in this case, to say “your car”, you have to add the suffix -d.
Van autód?
So if you *do* have a car, how can you answer this question?
It’s really simple! Usually we just say Igen, meaning “Yes”. Or you can answer with the verb itself.
Igen, van. “Yes, I have".
If you want to say “I have a car” in a full sentence, you have to conjugate the noun differently.
In this case, you have to change the suffix to -m, meaning “my car”.
Van autóm. “I have a car.”
[slowly] Van autóm.
Here's another example. Say that a classmate wants to borrow a pen from you. He might ask, Van egy tollad? Which is “Do you have a pen?”
Notice how there’s an extra word, egy.
You might remember that egy is the word for the number “one”. Literally, this question means, “Do you have one pen?” We use it like this when we don’t mean a specific object, just want to borrow something.
If you only have a red pen, you can answer Van egy piros tollam. “I have a red pen.”
Okay, so now let’s look at the FORMAL way to ask someone if he or she has something.
The verb in this case stays the same but we have to conjugate the noun again.
Instead of autód, you’ll say autója, to mean “Your car”. For example...
Van autója? “Do you have a car?”
[slowly] Van autója?
Now it’s time for Livia’s tips.
You can even use the verb van to ask people about their family members. As you can see, it’s a very versatile verb! For example:
“Do you have any siblings?” is
Van testvéred?
In recent lessons, we have learned about the verb van, meaning both “to be” and “to have”.
Next time we’ll learn how to use this verb in its negative form in order to say “I’m not” and “I don’t have”.
Did you know that to turn a verb into the negative form in Hungarian, you just have to add one little word?
I'll be waiting for you in the next Magyar nyelvleckék három percben lesson. Sziasztok!