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Lesson Transcript

Sziasztok, Lívia vagyok. Hi everybody! I’m Livia.
Welcome to HungarianPod101.com’s “Magyar nyelvleckék három percben”. The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Hungarian.
In the last lesson, we learned how to use the verb csinál which means "to do" in Hungarian.
In this lesson, we will learn how to use the verb szeret.
Szeret can mean both "to like" and "to love" in Hungarian, so in this lesson we are going to see how to use it correctly. Let’s go! Hajrá!
Imagine you are in a restaurant with your boyfriend or girlfriend and he or she asks you - Szereted a bort?
This means "Do you like wine?" in the informal form.
So supposing you like it, you can say Igen, szeretem a bort.
[slowly] Igen, szeretem a bort.
So let’s break down this answer.
First we had-
Igen which is simply "Yes."
I’m sure you remember the verb conjugation to use when there’s an object in the sentence. In the case of szeret in the first person, it’s szeretem.
With the noun bor, meaning “wine”, you have to use the suffix -t, indicating the object and also the definitive article, so it’s a bort.
Igen, szeretem a bort.
Note that in Hungarian we use the verb szeret to express both that we "love" or that we "just like" something or someone.
However, if you just appreciate something, you should use the verb tetszik, which is closer in meaning to “like”. Szeret should be used when talking about something you really love in general (food, movies, and so on) or about the person you are in love with.
To say that you really love or enjoy something or someone, you can add the word nagyon before both the verbs szeret meaning “to love” and tetszik meaning “to like”.
Notice the difference: Nagyon szeretem a filmeket means "I really like movies", in general.
If you say Nagyon tetszik ez a film, it means “I really like this movie” that we are watching now.
And of course, szeret is above all the verb of love, so if you are talking to the person you fell in love with, you can tell him or her Szeretlek, which is "I love you" in Hungarian! Isn’t that romantic?
Now it’s time for Livia’s Tips.
In Hungarian, if you really want to insist on the fact that you love something but in an informal way, you use the verb imád which is "to like" or "to enjoy" something/someone very much
Thus, for example you may hear Imádom a nyarat! This means "I really love summer!"
In this lesson, we learned how to use the verb szeret depending on the degree of your love!
Next time we’ll learn another very useful verb, jön.
Do you want to know how to ask people to come to your party? We’ll be talking about this in the next Magyar nyelvleckék három percben.
Sziasztok!

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HungarianPod101.comVerified
Friday at 6:30 pm
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Hi listeners! What do you like in Hungary?

HungarianPod101.comVerified
Saturday at 7:16 pm
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Szia Thomas,


Thank you very much for your comment, it's a very good question!


Actually, the verb tetszik is conjugated always in the third person because it is related to the subject of the sentence: the film. Literally translated, it would be: this film is pleasant to me or interests me, so the subject is "this film" and not the person talking (you).


Here are a couple of examples that can help you understand:


Tetszik (nektek) ez a ház? = litt. Does this house pleasant to you? = Do you like this house?

(Nekem) nem tetszik ez a szín. = litt. This color is not good for me. = I don't like this color.

Tetszik (neked) ez a telefon? = litt. Does this mobile pleasant to you? = Do you like this mobile?


nekem, neked, nektek are used to say "to you" but they are optional, the sentence is grammatically correct without them! You also understand according to the situation, so you don't have to use it, I just wrote it so that you can better understand that the subject in the sentence is not the person!


Lastly, this verb is different from "szeret" which works the same way as in English = like something.


So, you would say "Szeretem ezt a filmet."


I hope it's a little more clear now! :sunglasses:

If you have any other questions, please don't hesitate to send us a message!


Best,

Dorottya

Team HungarianPod101.com

Thomas Koenig
Friday at 3:48 am
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Miért "tetszik ez a film" és nem "tetszek ez a filmet."? Should tetszik be conjugated in first person definite and should film be in accusative case? The same as szeret?