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Lesson Transcript

Simone:Hello and welcome to HungarianPod101.com. This is Lower Beginner, Season 1, Lesson 10, Dealing with the Daily Grind in Hungary. I am Simone.
Csaba:And I am Csaba.
Simone:In this lesson we’re going to learn how to use “have to.”
Csaba:The conversation takes place in Anne’s apartment.
Simone:Between Anne and Balázs.
Csaba:They use the informal language.
Simone:Take it away.
Simone:So they do have to work after all.
Csaba:Which is, let’s face it, good news in 2012.
Simone:Don’t try to bring the mood down Csaba.
Csaba:I’m sorry to say that, but especially since the financial crisis, the employment situation is not very good.
Simone:I guess a lot of countries in Europe are going through the same thing.
Csaba:Young people try to hold onto the first job they get and there isn’t really a good chance of finding another if you happen to hate it.
Simone:Not everyone is as lucky as you are, with us.
Csaba:That’s right. I’m extremely lucky! This is the best job ever! And, might I add, wonderful superiors.
Simone:All right, this is painful to listen to. Go to vocab.
Simone:What is the first one today?
Csaba:Felhívlak means “I’ll call you.” Even though this word starts with the prefix fel, or “up” it has basically nothing to do with the direction really.
Simone:Right. Can you put it in a sentence, please?
Csaba:Holnap felhívlak.
Simone:“I’ll call you tomorrow.” Repeat everyone.
Csaba:Holnap felhívlak.
Simone:All righty. Let’s have an imperative sentence now. “Call me!”
Csaba:Hívj fel.
Simone:Repeat everyone.
Csaba:Hívj fel. Don’t worry about word order and conjugation just yet, imperative is a still a bit away.
Simone:All right, let’s move on to the next word. I remember hearing “I get up early.”
Csaba:Korán kelek.
Simone:Please repeat.
Csaba:Korán kelek. Korán is an adverb that means “early.” This is the opposite of későn, which means “late.”
Simone:Let’s hear a sentence with that too.
Csaba:Megint későn keltem.
Simone:“I got up late again.” Repeat.
Csaba:Megint későn keltem.
Simone:Finally, we had “good night.”
Csaba:In Hungarian jó éjt.
Simone:Is this formal or informal?
Csaba:Actually this one is good for everyone, just like good morning, which was jó reggelt.
Simone:Which on the other hand is a greeting.
Csaba:Right. Jó éjt is for when you are leaving.
Simone:Now what were the more formal greetings again?
Csaba:Jó napot!
Simone:“Good afternoon.”
Csaba:And jó estét.
Simone:“Good evening.”
Csaba:Both of these are formal expressions.
Simone:All right, it’s time we did some grammar.
Simone:In this lesson, we’re going to learn how to use “have to.”
Csaba:It is not difficult, but there is more conjugation to be done.
Simone:Awww...right. What is the key sentence?
Csaba:Indulnom kell.
Simone:“I have to leave.”
Csaba:Indulnom is literally “for me to leave.” Yes, in Hungarian the infinitive is also conjugated. When you use kell, or “have to” you also need to use this conjugated infinitive.
Simone:You will be able to find the full table, it is actually not too hard, because all verbs conjugate the same. But for ‘no,’ can you give us a few more examples?
Csaba:Holnap nem kell dolgoznom.
Simone:I don’t have to work tomorrow. Repeat please.
Csaba:Holnap nem kell dolgoznom.
Simone:What else do you have?
Csaba:In these sentences, when you have kell, you need to use the emphasized form of the personal pronoun. We have covered some of those, but here is another example.
Simone:“He doesn’t have to work.” Please everyone, repeat after Csaba.
Csaba:Neki nem kell dolgoznia.
Simone:And again.
Csaba:Neki nem kell dolgoznia. Neki is the special from of the personal pronoun that I have mentioned. This sentence means “he doesn’t have to work but someone else does.”
Simone:Right. Let’s hear: “We’ve got to hurry!”
Csaba:Sietnünk kell.
Simone:Again please.
Csaba:Sietnünk kell.
Simone:All right. How do you say “you have to sign it here.”
Csaba:Itt alá kell írnia.
Simone:Please repeat that.
Csaba:Itt alá kell írnia.
Simone:This will be handy.
Csaba:Especially since you not only hear, but see this sentence on official documents as well.
Simone:Well, all right. We’ve had quite a few examples.
Csaba:You are thinking it’s enough?
Simone:For everyone’s sake, let’s not get more into grammar now. But, listeners, please go to our website and check out the lesson notes. There are tons of goodies there that we haven’t had time to discuss.


Csaba:And make sure you listen to the next lesson too.
Simone:See you later.