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Lesson Transcript

Simone:Hi everyone and welcome to HungarianPod101.com. This is Lower Beginner, season 2, lesson 13, Spending the New Year in Hungary. I’m Simone.
Csaba: And I’m Csaba.
Simone:In this lesson you're going to learn to make future tense sentences.
Csaba:The conversation takes place at a New Year’s Eve party.
Simone: As usual it's between Anne and Balázs.
Csaba: They use informal language.
Simone: Let's listen to the conversation.
Simone: So, Csaba, tell us about New Year's Eve in Hungary.
Csaba: Pretty normal stuff. You drink a lot of champagne, stay up late, and eat a lot.
Simone: And what do you eat?
Csaba: Normally, a kind of cooked sausage thing called virsli. It is very cheap and filling. The origin of the filling is said to be dubious, though.
Simone: (laughs) That's the same as every sausage I’ve ever heard of.
Csaba: Exactly. I don’t think we have to pay attention to everything we eat that carefully.
Simone: Good point. Anything you want to tell us about the 1st of January?
Csaba: Eat lentils because that means money and luck, but try to avoid poultry on the first day. Eating birds makes your luck fly away.
Simone: Good to know. Let’s take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson. The first word we shall see is
Happy New Year.
Boldog új évet.
Happy New Year.
Boldog új évet. Boldog új évet.
Move. Do sports.
Make a resolution. Bet.
Fogad. Fogad.
Valami. Valami.
Panaszkodik. Panaszkodik.
Last is,
Hála Istennek!
Thank God.
Hála Istennek!
Hála Istennek!
Simone: Let's have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Simone: What's the first thing we want to look at?
Csaba: It's important to know what to scream at the top of your voice in Hungary on New Year’s Eve!
Simone: There were two phrases there...
Csaba: The longer, more formal way to say it is: Boldog új évet!
Simone: One more time.
Csaba: Boldog új évet!
Simone: And the shorter one is?
Csaba: Buék! Buék! Buék, buék, buééék!
Simone: All right, all right, we've got it!
Csaba: Sorry, I got carried away. It's just so fun to say.
Simone: Okay, let's move on now. The word for "bet" and "make a resolution" is?
Csaba: The word fogad means "bet" and "make a resolution."
Simone: An example for "bet"
Csaba: Fogadok, hogy nem tudod mindet megenni.
Simone: "I bet you can’t eat the whole thing."
Csaba: Fogadok, hogy nem tudod mindet megenni.
Simone: All right. We also had "Thank God."
Csaba: Hála Istennek! You can also start a longer sentence with this. For example: Hála Istennek nem esik.
Simone: "Thank God it’s not raining."
Csaba: Hála Istennek nem esik.
Simone: All right, let’s go to the grammar now.
Simone: In this lesson, you're going to learn about future tense in Hungarian.
Csaba: The good news is that future tense is one of the easiest grammar points in the Hungarian language.
Simone: Okay, let's get into it.
Csaba: To form the future tense, you need to learn an auxiliary verb and its conjugation. The dictionary form is fog. You should also remember that the dictionary form is also the third person form.
Simone: All right, let's use third person in a sentence now.
Csaba: Inni fog.
Simone: He will drink.
Csaba: Inni fog. Inni is to drink. Basically, besides the conjugated form of the auxiliary, you need an infinitive verb in the sentence to explain what it is you actually will do.
Simone: The infinitive form is in the dictionary as well, and remember, it always ends in -ni. All right, let's go with a first person sentence now. "I will work tomorrow."
Csaba: Holnap dolgozni fogok. Holnap is tomorrow and fogok is the first person form of the future tense auxiliary.
Simone: Second person?
Csaba: Fogsz. The example should be: Fogsz fürödni?
Simone: Will you take a bath? All right, we started with the third person singular, so let's go to the first person plural now.
Csaba: The first person plural is fogunk.
Simone: Use it in a simple sentence, please.
Csaba: Nem fogunk aludni.
Simone: We're not going to sleep tonight.
Csaba: Nem fogunk aludni.
Simone: You're already thinking about New Year's Eve, right?
Csaba: Right. The rest of the conjugations is in the table in our lesson notes. One more thing you might want to remember: In Hungarian, just like in English, you don't always need future tense to refer to future actions. Here are some examples you should consider: Jövőre nem fogok dolgozni.
Simone: "I won't work next year."
Csaba: Jövőre nem fogok dolgozni. But you can also say Jövőre nem dolgozom.
Simone: In this sentence, we lost the auxiliary, and it is present tense, but it also refers to the future. Can we hear it again?
Csaba: Jövőre nem dolgozom.
Simone: All right. Well, you will because we need you in this studio.


Simone: Okay, that's it for this lesson. Thanks, everyone. Make sure you check the lesson notes and we'll see you next time.
Csaba: Sziasztok.