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Lesson Transcript

Simone:Hi everyone and welcome to Lower Beginner, season 2, lesson 13, Spending the New Year in Hungary. I’m Simone.
Csaba:And I’m Csaba.
Simone:In this lesson we’re going to learn to make future tense sentences.
Csaba:The conversation takes place at a New Year’s Eve party.
Simone:It is between Anne and Balázs.
Csaba:They use the informal language.
Simone:let’s listen to the conversation.
Simone:Tell us about Hungarian New Year’s Eve.
Csaba:Pretty normal stuff. You drink a lot of champagne, stay up late, and eat a lot.
Simone:What do you eat?
Csaba:Normally a kind of a cooked sausage thing called virsli. It is very cheap and filling. The origin of the filling is said to be dubious though.
Simone:(laughs) That’s the same as every sausage I’ve ever heard of.
Csaba:Exactly. I don’t think we have to pay attention to everything we eat that carefully.
Simone:Good point. Anything you want to tell us about the first of January?
Csaba:Eat lentils because that means money and luck, but try to avoid poultry on the first day. Eating birds makes your luck fly away.
Simone:Good to know! Let’s go to the vocab.
Simone:What’s the first thing we want to learn?
Csaba:It is important to know what to scream at the top of your voice in Hungary on New Year’s Eve!
Simone:There were two phrases there...
Csaba:The longer, more formal way is to say: Boldog új évet!
Simone:Please say that again.
Csaba:Boldog új évet!
Simone:And the shorter one is?
Csaba:Buék! Buék! Buék, buék, buééék!
Simone:All right, all right, we got it!
Csaba. Sorry I got carried away. Anyway, you guys try it too.
Simone:Let’s move on now.
Csaba:The word fogad means two things: “bet” and “make a resolution.”
Simone:An example for “bet,” please.
Csaba:Fogadok, hogy nem tudod mindet megenni.
Simone:“I bet you can’t eat the whole thing.”
Csaba:Fogadok, hogy nem tudod mindet megenni.
Simone:All right. Now, we also had “Thank God!”
Csaba:Hála istennek!
Simone:“Thank God!”
Csaba:Hála istennek! You can also start a longer sentence with this. For example: Hála istennek nem esik.
Simone:“Thank God it doesn’t rain.” Can you repeat that please.
Csaba:Hála istennek nem esik.
Simone:All right, let’s wrap up the vocabulary section soon. What else do you have?
Csaba:Oftentimes “thank god” is abbreviated to Hál’ istennek.
Simone:That is not much of an abbreviation!
Csaba:Well, we lost one vowel. For some people that means a lot. I’ll repeat that Hál’ istennek.
Simone:All right, let’s go to the grammar now.
Simone:In this lesson we’re going to learn about future tense in Hungarian.
Csaba. The good news is that future tense is one of the easiest grammar points in the Hungarian language.
Simone:Well, that doesn’t mean much, really! But anyway, let’s get into it.
Csaba:To form future tense, you need to learn an auxiliary verb and its conjugation. The dictionary form is fog. You should remember that the dictionary form is also the third person form.
Simone:All right, let’s use third person in a sentence now.
Csaba:Inni fog.
Simone:“He’ll drink.”
Csaba:Inni fog. Inni is “to drink.” Basically, besides the conjugated form of the auxiliary, you need an infinitive verb in the sentence to explain what it is you actually “will” do.
Simone:The infinitive form is in the dictionary as well and remember, it always ends in -ni. All right, let’s go with a first person sentence now. “I will work tomorrow.”
Csaba:Holnap dolgozni fogok. Holnap is “tomorrow” and fogok is the first person form of the future tense auxiliary.
Simone:Second person?
Csaba:Fogsz. The example should be: Fogsz fürödni a medencében?
Simone:“Will you take a bath in the pool?”
Csaba:Fogsz fürödni a medencében?
Simone:All right, we started with the third person singular. So let’s go to first person plural now.
Csaba:First person plural is fogunk.
Simone:Use it in a simple sentence, please.
Csaba:Nem fogunk aludni.
Simone:“We’re not going to sleep tonight.”
Csaba:Nem fogunk aludni.
Simone:You are already thinking about New Year’s Eve, right.
Csaba:All the persons, and the rest of the conjugation, is in the table in our lesson notes. One more thing you might want to remember: In Hungarian, just like in English, you don’t always need future tense to refer to future actions. Here are some examples you should consider: Jövőre nem fogok dolgozni.
Simone:“I won’t work next year.”
Csaba:Jövőre nem fogok dolgozni. But you can also say Jövőre nem dolgozom.
Simone:In this sentence we lost the auxiliary, but it also refers to future. Repeat it please.
Csaba:Jövőre nem dolgozom.
Simone:All right. Well, you will, because we need you in this studio!


Csaba:I’ll be back next time. Until then, sziasztok.
Simone:All right everyone, go and check out our lesson notes and we’ll catch you next time. Bye!