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Lesson Transcript

Simone:Hi everyone and welcome to HungarianPod101.com. This is Lower Beginner Hungarian season 2, lesson 15, A Thorny Hungarian Grammar Question. I’m Simone.
Csaba:And I’m Csaba.
Simone:In this lesson we’re going to explain a bit more about definite conjugation.
Csaba:Yes, and the conversation takes place in a classroom.
Simone:And is between Anne and a student.
Csaba:They use the informal language. Language instructors often choose to use the informal language with the students. There is so much interaction in a language class that it seems easier to use that.
Simone:Ok, let’s listen to the conversation.
Simone:Csaba, I was thinking: maybe you should talk about student life in Hungary.
Csaba:Well, what do you want to know? It isn’t easy, contrary to what a lot of people think. Starting from high school, students are flooded with information.
Simone:That explains all the brilliance in geography and other sciences that kids show!
Csaba:Right. I think it is safe to say than on average we are required to learn more information than many Western European countries.
Csaba:I’d say that we get way too little practice on writing skills, building paragraphs and putting down arguments on paper. This comes in university, which is way too late.
Simone:Well, you can’t have everything I suppose. Let’s go to vocabulary.
Simone:All right, what is the first one we’ll talk about?
Csaba:The first word we learn is pedig.
Simone:“Even though, but.”
Csaba:Right. In this lesson we hear: Pedig mindig elolvasom a könyvben.
Simone:“But I always check it in the book.”
Csaba:The first half of this phrase is in the context. “I don’t understand the grammar, even though I always check the textbooks.”
Simone:Pedig gives emphasis to this second half. Can you give us another example?
Csaba:Pedig én akkor is megyek.
Simone:“I’ll go anyway.”
Csaba:Pedig én akkor is megyek. Means “I’ll go anyway” and implicitly: “but you suggested otherwise,” or “the weather is bad” or something else that would prompt me not to go.
Simone:I see. Let’s move on.
Csaba:The next one is shorter. Nincs mit.
Simone:“Not at all,” or “no problem.”
Csaba:This is used as an answer to “thank you.”
Simone:Repeat again.
Csaba:Nincs mit.
Simone:Ok, let’s move on.
Csaba:We had two verbs that should be familiar, but this time with a prefix. Elolvas.
Csaba:We have already taught you olvas, or “read.”
Simone:What’s different now with the prefix el-?
Csaba:Elolvas, compared to olvas, means “read thoroughly, finish reading something.”
Simone:How do you say “I have read your email?”
Csaba:Elolvastam az emailedet.
Simone:Again, please.
Csaba:Elolvastam az emailedet.
Simone:And elmagyaráz was something similar, right?
Csaba:Right. Elmagyaráz is “explain.” But the focus is on the result and the effort. When I’m done explaining, you will have understood.
Simone:An example, please.
Csaba:Elmagyarázom a nyelvtant.
Simone:“I’ll explain grammar.”
Csaba: Elmagyarázom a nyelvtant.
Simone:“I’ll explain grammar.”
Csaba:All right. Let’s do that, actually.
Simone:In this lesson we’re going to learn to conjugate verbs that end in -s, -sz, -z. All in definite, of course.
Csaba:Right. You should remember that we had three main types of verbs back when we learned indefinite conjugation. Regular, -ik and -s, -sz, -z verbs.
Simone:I remember.
Csaba:I’m proud of you. Then you also remember that the conjugation was different for all of those. Not completely, but there were differences.
Simone:I’m with you.
Csaba:The good news here is that -ik verbs conjugate just like regular ones when they are definite.
Simone:That is one less table you have to worry about!
Csaba:But it still leaves us with -s, -sz, -z verbs and we’re going to cover just those.
Simone:Good. How shall we do this?
Csaba:Well, I am thinking that we start with me telling you an example, and then we analyze.
Simone:Ok, shoot.
Csaba:In this lesson we had elolvas.
Csaba:I’ll go with the full conjugation now. Elolvasom.
Simone:“I read.”
Simone:“You read.”
Simone:“He/she reads.”
Simone:“We read.”
Simone:“You read.” Plural.
Simone:“They read.”
Csaba:All right. As usual, we strongly recommend that you consult the lesson notes for the conjugation table. But, as a rule, I can say that wherever we had a -j sound in the ending with regular verbs, that -j will assimilate and become an -s, -sz or -z.
Simone:So if the ending had a -j sound, that sound will become a -s, like in the case of elolvas.
Csaba:Elolvas ends in -s, so the ending will assimilate with that.
Simone:See, every time I feel like there is nothing left for Hungarian to throw at me, it seems that I’m wrong!
Csaba:You’re sending out the wrong message (laughs). This is all a lot less complicated than it sounds.
Simone:All right. Let’s hear an example.
Csaba:Let’s use the other word now. Elmagyaráz.
Csaba:A tanár elmagyarázza a problémát” x 2
Simone:“The teacher explains the problem.”
Csaba:Instead of saying elmagyarázja, the ending assimilates and becomes elmagyarázza.
Simone:I get it. You just check the table for all the -js and change them.
Csaba:There you go.
Simone:How much of the verb conjugation is left?
Csaba:We’re really knee-deep into it and there is just an amount left.
Simone:That’s the most non-committal sentence I’ve ever heard.
Csaba:(laughs) Listeners, don’t be disheartened. There are extra exercises in the lesson notes and we’ll continue with more next time. But not with verbs, I promise.


Simone:Good. Until then, see you!