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Lesson Transcript

Simone:Hi everyone, welcome to HungarianPod101.com. This is Lower Beginner, season 2, lesson 20, Don’t Try to Feed a Hungarian Peanut Butter! I’m Simone.
Csaba:Sziasztok, I’m Csaba.
Simone:In this lesson we’re going to learn to compare things using adjectives.
Csaba:The conversation takes place in a car.
Simone:It’s between Anne and Balázs.
Csaba:And they use the informal language.
Simone:Let’s listen to the conversation.
Simone:I sense some personal involvement in this whole peanut butter thing.
Csaba:Really?? You’re right, actually. It is very far from Hungarian taste. When my English teacher made my class try it, we had run to the bathroom to throw it up.
Simone:Eww, what?
Csaba:I’m serious. And it wasn’t just me, but a considerable percentage of my class.
Simone:Do you think it’s that bad?
Csaba:Well, my problem was that I expected something sweet and I didn’t believe that the word “butter” means actual butter. Neither did the rest of the class.
Csaba:Imagine that you are expecting something sweet and chocolatey but then peanut butter hits your tongue for the first time in your life.
Simone:I can almost see it.
Csaba:The teacher never expected such a reaction.
Simone:(laughs) All right, let’s go to vocab.
Simone:Let’s start the key vocab section.
Csaba:Ne dicsekedj is the first item on the list. It means “stop bragging.” Dicsekedj is the imperative from of “brag,” or dicsekedik.
Simone:All right, that sounds easy enough. Is it formal or informal?
Csaba:Of course it is informal. When do you ever tell your boss not to brag?
Simone:Good point. Let’s move on.
Csaba:Tuti is a slang-ish word which means “surely” or “for sure.”
Simone:Can you use it in a sentence?
Csaba:Tuti megyek este.
Simone:“I am going tonight, for sure.”
Csaba:Tuti megyek este.
Simone:Let’s hear one more, which is “it will be good for sure.”
Csaba:Tuti jó lesz.
Simone:“It’ll be good for sure.”
Csaba:Tuti jó lesz.
Simone:The next word is going to be “except for.”
Csaba:Kivéve. Kivéve.
Simone:Let’s use it in a sentence. “I like all beverages but coke.”
Csaba:A kólát kivéve minden üdítőt szeretek.
Simone:Uh, that’s a long one.
Csaba:We have learned all the words before, though. A kólát kivéve minden üdítőt szeretek.
Simone:All right. Let’s go to grammar now.
Simone:In this lesson we’re going to cover comparative and superlative adjectives.
Csaba:Right. First, we will learn to attach the comparative ending. Basically you grab an adjective that ends in a vowel and add -bb.
Simone:Let’s see one.
Simone:“Cheaper.” Use it in a sentence.
Csaba:Az én telefonom olcsóbb.
Simone:“My phone is cheaper.”
Csaba: Az én telefonom olcsóbb.
Simone:What if the adjective doesn’t end in a vowel?
Csaba:Than you add -ebb or -abb, depending on the vowel setup.
Simone:Let’s hear an example.
Simone:“Older.” Let’s hear another one, which gets the -abb ending.
Csaba:The usual vowel harmony rules apply here. You can go check out our lesson notes for more examples, but now we turn to superlatives.
Simone:All right, how do you say: “the oldest?”
Csaba:A legöregebb. You need the definite article, just like in English, and a prefix to the adjective, leg-. The adjective already had the comparative ending.
Simone:Let’s pick another adjective now.
Csaba:All right. Gyors.
Csaba:A leggyorsabb.
Simone:“The fastest.”
Csaba:Finally, we have to warn of two exceptions that in turn are very important.
Simone:The first one is “big.”
Csaba:Nagyobb. This one gets -obb as an ending.
Simone:Well, why not?
Csaba:(laughs) And the other exception is kicsi.
Simone:Which means “small.”
Csaba:The comparative form of that one is kisebb. Now, when you want to compare two things, you very often use this formula: the comparative adjective plus the word mint or “than.”
Simone:Let’s give them an example.
Csaba:Péter magasabb, mint Tamás.
Simone:“Peter is taller than Thomas.”
Csaba:Péter magasabb, mint Tamás.
Simone:Another one for the road.
Csaba:A kutya nagyobb, mint a macska.
Simone:“Dogs are bigger than cats.”
Csaba:A kutya nagyobb, mint a macska.


Simone:All right, this should be enough for one day.
Csaba:Check the lesson notes for more examples and the answers to last lesson’s quiz. See you next time everyone!