Dialogue - Hungarian

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Vocabulary

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oldal “page”
hely “place, seat”
jegyzet “handout”
csomag "pack, packet, parcel"
visz "take"
rendszer “system”
jelentkezik “sign up, register for”
összesen “altogether”
hiányzik “absent, missing”
aláír “sign (your name)”
lap “sheet”

Lesson Notes

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Grammar

The Focus of this Lesson is Imperatives
Jöjjenek be kérem!
"Come in please!"


In this lesson we're going to start discussing the use of imperatives. Unfortunately, in Hungarian you need to memorize a couple of conjugation tables for imperative sentences as well.

There are a couple of types of verbs from the point of view of conjugation. There are of course regular verbs with regular conjugation, but we're not going to start with them. Instead, we're going to start by learning the imperatives of the nine usual suspects, or the nine verbs which end in -nni in the infinitive.

Hungarian

"English"

enni

"to eat"

inni

"to drink"

jönni

"to come"

menni             

"to go"

vinni

"to take"

hinni

"to believe"

lenni

"to be"

tenni

"to put"

venni

"to buy"         

Looking at the list, it should be obvious why we start with there irregular ones. It has the words for eating, drinking, coming and going and other important ones. This way, you should be able to say sentences like "come here" and "drink with me."

Conjugation Table: imperatives, -nni verbs, indefinite.

Inni - "to drink"

Enni - "to eat"

Menni - "to go"

Jönni - "to come"

Lenni - "to be"

Vinni - "to take"

én

igyak

egyek

menjek

jöjjek

legyek

vigyek

te

igyál

egyél

menj/menjél

gyere

legyél

vigyél

ő, ön

igyon

egyen

menjen

jöjjön

legyen

vigyen

mi

igyunk

együnk

menjünk

gyerünk/ jöjjünk

legyünk

vigyünk

ti

igyatok

egyetek

menjetek

gyertek

legyetek

vigyetek

ők, önök

igyanak

egyenek

menjenek

jöjjenek

legyenek

vigyenek

én téged, titeket

igyalak

egyelek

vigyelek

The rest of the -nni verbs conjugate like vinni.

The last row is used especially if the subject is "I" and the object is "you," singular or plural.

Now, the examples we've seen were:

1. Vigyenek egy csomag jegyzetet...
"Take a pack of handouts..."

Since the teacher is trying to be polite, he uses the third person plural form instead of the second person plural. This makes him sound more formal and polite. If addressing your friends, you should say:

  1. Vigyetek egy kis ennivalót.
    "Take some food with you."

We've also had:

2. Menjenek a helyükre.
"Go to your seats."

Again, he used the third person plural. Same reason.

Here are some more examples for imperatives.

  1. Menjünk le inni egyet.
    "Let's go downstairs for a drink."
  2. Egyetek egy kis sütit.
    "Have some cookies."

Gyerünk is an odd-one-out. It actually means "let's go."

  1. Gyerünk a plázába.
    "Let's go to the mall."

Cultural Insights

Tertiary Education in Hungary


The biggest center of higher education in Hungary is Budapest. You'll find the mammoth-sized ELTE (with faculties of science, humanities and law, among others), Corvinus University (focusing on social sciences, economy and international studies) and BME (engineering) as well. Others include SOTE, which is probably the most popular medical university.

There are university centers in smaller Hungarian towns as well, most notably in Szeged, where the local university has been ranked best internationally among all the Hungarian schools. Pécs and Debrecen also have good schools, and at the time of writing the university of Debrecen had the most students of all the schools in Hungary.

In Hungary, universities and colleges are all part of higher education, but the two words used to refer to different types of schools (and consequently, different kinds of degrees). Nowadays, there isn't really a big difference between colleges and universities, but of course the words are still not interchangeable in the names of the schools.

Some notable colleges include BGF in Budapest (economy) and EKF in Eger, which used to be a big center for teacher training, but nowadays has faculties for other areas of study too.