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Lesson Transcript

Simone:Hi everyone and welcome back to HungarianPod101.com. This is Upper Beginner, season 1, lesson 16 - Scraping Together Your Hungarian Fillérs. I’m Simone.
Gergő:And I am Gergő. Sziasztok.
Simone:In this lesson you’ll learn to say things like “I have money on me.”
Gergő:The conversation takes place in Jenny's steakhouse.
Simone:It’s between Jenny and Kristóf.
Gergő:They are friends and they speak informal language.
Simone:Let’s listen to the conversation.
Simone:How much is ten thousand forints? They seem to be throwing it around quite happily.
Gergő:It is about 45 USD, which will get you a dinner for two with wine and appetizers in a mid-range restaurant.
Simone:All right, how does it compare to an average salary?
Gergő:The average salary in Hungary is 229 thousand forints, before taxes. Which means that ten thousand is quite a considerable amount of money.
Simone:What else can be covered by a tenner?
Gergő:Seven gallons of petrol, a pair of jeans, or your monthly heating costs in winter. My cell bill is about the same, but I talk a lot.
Simone:Well, it's ideal that you're in podcasting!
Gergő:That's what I say to myself when I can't sleep.
Simone:Okay, now let’s take a look at the vocab.
Simone:Let’s take a closer look at some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Gergő:The first we're going to talk about is tízes. It is short for a “ten-something” note.
Simone:So it means something like a “tenner.”
Gergő:And just like we said before, it can mean ‘ten thousand forints’, but it can also be a ten-forint coin.
Simone:Use it in a sentence, please.
Gergő:Van magánál egy tízes?
Simone:“Do you have a tenner on you?”
Gergő:Van magánál egy tízes? In this sentence it probably means a coin, because people rarely ask for 45 bucks just casually.
Simone:The speaker is asking for change at the store or on the street.
Gergő:Something like that.
Simone:All right, anything else?
Gergő:We also have this, Irány a (place)...
Simone:You have to add a location in this phrase. This means “on to the...” or “let's go to the...”
Gergő:It implies an amount of enthusiasm or urgency. I’ll give you an example. Dél van, irány a menza!
Simone:It's noon, let's go to the canteen!
Gergő:Dél van, irány a menza! Moving on, we have Ha te mondod...
Simone:“If you say so...” This expression means that you feel a certain amount of disbelief in what the other person has suggested, but you'll go along with it anyway. Let's hear an example.
Gergő:Fordot vegyek? Ha te mondod...
Simone:“So I should buy a Ford? If you say so...”
Gergő:Fordot vegyek? Ha te mondod...
Simone:Okay, now onto the grammar.
Simone:In this lesson, you’ll learn how to express “I have it on me.” The first sentence is?
Gergő:Nálam van háromezer forint.
Simone:“I have three thousand forints.”
Gergő:Nálam van háromezer forint.
Simone:Let's explain.
Gergő:When you want to express the notion of “to have something on someone,” as in “I have money on me,” you have to use -nál, -nél.
Simone:These two endings, which are, as you know, really just one ending with two vowel setups, mean “by.”
Gergő:And we have recently talked about some meanings of this noun ending.
Simone:Let's hear an example.
Gergő:Tamásnál van mobil.
Simone:“Thomas has a cell phone on him.”
Gergő:Tamásnál van mobil. As you can hear in this example, the formation of this phrase is simple.
Simone:Take the person, name or otherwise, add either -nál or -nél, depending on the vowel setup, and this is then followed by “to be” in the correct person. So what if Thomas is carrying more than one item?
Gergő:Tamásnál szatyrok vannak.
Simone:“Thomas has some plastic bags on him.”
Gergő:Tamásnál szatyrok vannak. When there is more than one object on the person, the correct form of “to be” is vannak (third person plural).
Simone:So far, this is doable.
Gergő:As you probably remember from our earlier seasons, different noun endings have different sets of pronouns.
Simone:This means that it is unfortunately not enough to attach -nél to én, or “I”, but you have to learn a new set of pronouns.You can find a list in the lesson notes, but we'll discuss the one from the dialogue.
Gergő:It is nálam
Simone:“on/by me.”
Gergő:And now the first sentence makes sense. Nálam van háromezer forint.
Simone:“I have three thousand forints.”
Gergő:Nálam van háromezer forint.
Simone:Finally, we'll give you one more ready-made sentence you might hear often.
Gergő:Van magánál útlevél?
Simone:“Do you have your passport on you?”
Gergő:Van magánál útlevél? This is of course formal. Magánál is “on you,” formal.
Simone:All right, let's stop here and let people take it in.


Gergő:All right, sziasztok, see you next time!
Simone:Thanks for listening, everyone. Bye!