Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

 INTRODUCTION
Simone: Hi everyone and welcome to Upper Beginner Hungarian, season 1, lesson 13, A Quick Trip to the Hungarian Market. I am Simone.
Csaba: And I am Csaba.
Simone: In this lesson we’re going to learn more prefixes.
Csaba: The conversation takes place at Susan’s apartment.
Simone: The conversation is between Susan and Dani.
Csaba: They use the informal language.
Simone: Let’s listen to it now.
DIALOGUE
Susan: Leugrasz velem a piacra?
Dani: Nem szeretek odamenni. Múltkor is átvertek.
Susan: És ha utána átmegyünk a zeneboltba?
Dani: Hmm..., jobban hangzik. Megveszem az új Killers albumot.
Susan: De előtte piac. Megkeressük a kedvenc nénimet.
Dani: Na jó, de te tárgyalsz...
English Host: Let’s hear the conversation one time slowly.
Susan: Leugrasz velem a piacra?
Dani: Nem szeretek odamenni. Múltkor is átvertek.
Susan: És ha utána átmegyünk a zeneboltba?
Dani: Hmm..., jobban hangzik. Megveszem az új Killers albumot.
Susan: De előtte piac. Megkeressük a kedvenc nénimet.
Dani: Na jó, de te tárgyalsz...
English Host: Now let’s hear it with the English translation.
Susan: Leugrasz velem a piacra?
Simone: Will you run down with me to the market?
Dani: Nem szeretek odamenni. Múltkor is átvertek.
Simone: I don't like going there. They ripped me off last time.
Susan: És ha utána átmegyünk a zeneboltba?
Simone: What if we go to the music store after?
Dani: Hmm..., jobban hangzik. Megveszem az új Killers albumot.
Simone: Hmm... sounds better. I'll buy the new Killers album.
Susan: De előtte piac. Megkeressük a kedvenc nénimet.
Simone: But first, market. We'll find my favorite old lady.
Dani: Na jó, de te tárgyalsz...
Simone: All right, but you'll negotiate.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Simone: Is there a lot of bargaining going on today?
Csaba: Sadly, no. This takes a lot of fun out of markets, but I still prefer the atmosphere there instead of supermarkets and malls.
Simone: And some of the buildings are so beautiful too. There is a lot of great architecture and markets that carry a royal atmosphere.
Csaba: Right, you might want to take pictures of these places anyway, even if you don’t buy anything. You should also know that paprika is paprika everywhere and if they’re trying to sell you high quality stuff then they’re probably just making that up.
Simone: And the same packet without the lying will cost you less in a supermarket. It is downright blasphemy, lying about paprika. Who would do such a thing in Hungary?
Csaba: I know, but there are terrible people in the world. I think we’ve fed stereotypes enough, let’s see the vocab section.
VOCAB LIST
Simone: Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
The first word we shall see is:
Csaba: piac [natural native speed]
Simone: market
Csaba: piac [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Csaba: piac [natural native speed]
Next:
Csaba: oda [natural native speed]
Simone: there (to there)
Csaba: oda [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Csaba: oda [natural native speed]
Next:
Csaba: múltkor [natural native speed]
Simone: "last time"
Csaba: múltkor [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Csaba: múltkor [natural native speed]
Next:
Csaba: átver [natural native speed]
Simone: trick, cheat, rip off
Csaba: átver [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Csaba: átver [natural native speed]
Next:
Csaba: zenebolt [natural native speed]
Simone: music store
Csaba: zenebolt [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Csaba: zenebolt [natural native speed]
Next:
Csaba: Jól hangzik. [natural native speed]
Simone: Sounds good.
Csaba: Jól hangzik. [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Csaba: Jól hangzik. [natural native speed]
Next:
Csaba: album [natural native speed]
Simone: album
Csaba: album [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Csaba: album [natural native speed]
Next:
Csaba: előtte [natural native speed]
Simone: before that
Csaba: előtte [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Csaba: előtte [natural native speed]
Next:
Csaba: kedvenc [natural native speed]
Simone: favorite
Csaba: kedvenc [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Csaba: kedvenc [natural native speed]
Next:
Csaba: néni [natural native speed]
Simone: auntie, old lady
Csaba: néni [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Csaba: néni [natural native speed]
Next:
Csaba: tárgyal [natural native speed]
Simone: negotiate
Csaba: tárgyal [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Csaba: tárgyal [natural native speed]
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Simone: Let's have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Simone: The first word in this lesson is néni.
Csaba: This means something like “auntie” and it is used to address elderly ladies.
Simone: Let’s use it in a sentence now.
Csaba: Gizi néni, jól tetszik lenni?
Simone: “Gizi néni, is your health serving you well?”
Csaba: Gizi néni, jól tetszik lenni? There is a male equivalent to this word, it is bácsi. This is placed after the name, just like the previous word.
Simone: Try to use them with the elderly only.
Csaba: Múltkor is a noun that means “last time.” For example
Simone: “I was really tired last time.”
Csaba: And moving on, we have the expression jól hangzik. This literally means “sounds good.”
Simone: Let’s use it in a sentence.
Csaba: Csak hatezer forint? Jól hangzik.
Simone: “Only six thousand forints? Sounds good.”
Csaba: Csak hatezer forint? Jól hangzik. In this lesson Dani says jobban hangzik, or “sounds better.”
Simone: So if you want to continue the bargaining process, you can say...
Csaba: Ötezer forint még jobban hangzik.
Simone: “Five thousand sounds even better.”
Csaba: Ötezer forint még jobban hangzik. All right, there is a lot to cover in the grammar section, so let’s move on.
Simone: OK boss.

Lesson focus

Simone: In this lesson we’re going to learn a couple more prefixes and we’ll learn to say things like “up,” “down,” “across” and “over here.”
Csaba: We will convey these meanings through the cunning use of verb prefixes.
Simone: What is so cunning about them.
Csaba: I... err... just go with it. The first sentence is this
Simone: “Will you run down to the market with me?”
Csaba: Leugrasz velem a piacra? In Hungarian “jump down” means a quick trip from you apartment for something. Velem is “with me.” Le- as a prefix usually means a downward direction.
Simone: Let’s use the prefix in a different sentence now.
Csaba: Lemegyek Szegedre.
Simone: “I'm going down to Szeged.”
Csaba: Lemegyek Szegedre.Hungarians often use the le- prefix when they're visiting places outside Budapest. When you're visiting Budapest, you often “go up to” Budapest. Felmegyek Budapestre. Fel is “up-.”
Simone: “I'm going (up) to Budapest.”
Csaba: Felmegyek Budapestre. The second prefix for this lesson was át-. Át- means “across, over, through.”
Simone: An example sentence, please.
Csaba: Átmegyek az úton.
Simone: “I'll cross the street.”
Csaba: Átmegyek az úton. In this lesson however, the verb is átverni, which is the compound of át- and verni, which literally means “to beat.” This is one of those cases where the prefix creates a completely different meaning.
Simone: All right, let’s rip someone off in an example sentence.
Csaba: Átvertem Bélát.
Simone: “I tricked Béla.”
Csaba: Átvertem Bélát. We also had the prefix oda- in this lesson. This means “there, over there.”
Simone: It indicates that the direction of the action expressed by the verb is away from the speaker.
Csaba: The first example is
Simone: “Will you go over to him?”
Csaba: Odamész hozzá? Both of us are here, and he is over there. The example in the dialogue was Nem szeretek odamenni.
Simone: “I don’t like going there.”
Csaba: Nem szeretek odamenni. Oda- also has it’s opposite we have to learn, which was not in the dialogue. It is ide-.
Simone: How do you say “can you come over here, please?”
Csaba: Idejössz egy kicsit? 2X
Simone: Okay, let’s look at the last prefixed verb sentence.
Csaba: The final prefix in this lesson is meg- which should be familiar from the last lessons. This prefix isn't used to express a direction, but the completion of the action. Megkeressük a kedvenc nénimet.
Simone: “We'll find my favorite old lady.”
Csaba: Megkeressük a kedvenc nénimet. Not only are we gonna look for her, but we’ll find her for sure.
Simone: And we’ll come back for sure very soon in out next lesson.
Csaba: Until then, sziasztok!
Simone: Bye!

Outro

Simone: That just about does it for today.
Csaba: Dear listeners, ever pressed for time?
Simone: Listen to the Dialogue Lesson Recap!
Csaba: These audio tracks only contain the target lesson dialogue.
Simone: So you can quickly recap a lesson.
Csaba: Spend a few minutes learning on days when you don't have time to study a full lesson.
Simone: The audio tracks are just a few minutes long...
Csaba: but you'll still pick up key Hungarian phrases along the way.
Simone: Go to HungarianPod101.com,
Csaba: and listen to this lesson's dialogue only audio track.

7 Comments

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HungarianPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
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Hi everyone!

What is the first thing you do when get out?

HungarianPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 06:10 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Szia Julia,


Thanks for your question!


Actually, it's comprehensible, but let me add just one suffix at the end of each noun, the suffix of the object, "-t". Don't worry, you will soon learn more about this in the next lessons!


The correct sentence looks like:

“Három darab disznó agyat és egy kiló disznó csontot kérek”.


You can ask a bag like this:

"Egy táskát szeretnék, amibe mindent belle tudok tenni."


This literally means: I would like a bag, in which I can put everything.

I hope I could help, please don't hesitate to ask If you need any help!

Good luck!


Dorottya

Team HungarianPod101.com

JuliaHN
Saturday at 08:37 PM
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Hi friends! Is this correct if in the market I ask the butcher "Három darab disno agy és egy kilo disno csont, kérek". And how to ask for a bag to hold everything?


Köszönöm! JH

HungarianPod101.com Verified
Friday at 01:17 AM
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Hi Stephen!


This is unfortunately incorrect. The conjugator doesn't seem to know about vowel harmony.


átvertem - 'I'

átverted or átvertél - 'you' definite/indefinite

átverte or átvert - 'he/she/it' definite/indefinite

átvertük - 'we'

átvertétek or átvertetek - 'you plural' definite/indefinite

átverték or átvertek- 'they' definite/indefinite


There is also a you-me form, which is used when the subject is "you" and the object is "me."

átvertél - 'you-me'


Hajrá!


Csaba

Team HungarianPod101.com

Stephen Kristan
Thursday at 05:43 AM
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Boldog uj evet.


The online Hungarian verb conjugator (http://www.jargot.com/hvc) shows this past tense conjugation of the verb átver. Notice that it lists átvertak/átverták/ rather than átvertek". Which is correct? Köszönöm, Stephen.


PAST


átvertam

átvertál

átvert

átvertunk

átvertatok

átvertak


átvertam

átvertad

átverta

átvertuk

átvertátok

átverták

átvertalak

HungarianPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 11:41 AM
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Hi Alex,


Thank you for your great comment! :wink:


Milyen zenére táncolsz?

:stuck_out_tongue_winking_eye:

Szép napot!


Gergő

Team HungarianPod101.com

Alex
Thursday at 02:50 AM
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Táncolok :D