Dialogue

Vocabulary

Learn New Words FAST with this Lesson’s Vocab Review List

Get this lesson’s key vocab, their translations and pronunciations. Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account Now and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Simone:Hello everyone and welcome to HungarianPod101.com This is Lower Beginner, Season 1, lesson 11, Choosing the Perfect Hungarian Gift. I’m Simone.
Csaba:And I’m Csaba.
Simone:In this lesson we’re going to learn the conjugation of ik verbs as well as talking about hobbies.
Csaba:The conversation takes place in a store.
Simone:Between Anne and a store clerk.
Csaba:They use the formal language.
Simone:Let’s listen to the conversation.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Simone:All right, Christmas is on the way.
Csaba:I’m not in love with that time of the year.
Simone:I remember spending a couple afternoons outside, drinking wine.
Csaba:Yep, those long winter days just make you want to spend a lot more to get rid of the blues.
Simone:Now why would you be unhappy?
Csaba:Oh, the gray weather, the darkness all day, the cold...
Simone:Literally none of those are true.
Csaba:Let’s do vocab and not fight about it.
Simone:All right.
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Csaba:The first thing we want to mention here is how to say your hobbies.
Simone:Right. What was the key sentence for that?
Csaba:Szeret utazni.
Simone:“He like to travel.”
Csaba:Szeret utazni. You now know how to conjugate the word szeret. Since indefinite conjugation is what you need before the infinitive utazni in “to travel,” you can try out all the rest of persons.
Simone:How do you say “do you like cycling?”
Csaba:Szeretsz biciklizni?
Simone:Again please.
Csaba:Szeretsz biciklizni?
Simone:Okay, this seems quite straightforward. Just remember to find the infinitive of the verb you like or dislike. Infinitives end in -ni.
Csaba:The next thing we want to talk about is the phrase: Egy pillanat türelmét kérem.
Simone:Which literally means: “I am asking for one moment of your patience.”
Csaba:Egy pillanat türelmét kérem. The reason why we mention this is because, well, you’ll hear it often.
Simone:Hah, unfortunately that’s right.
Csaba:OK, and finally for this vocab section, let’s see egy-két.
Simone:“One or two.”
Csaba:Numbers can be paired up like this in Hungarian too.
Simone:Let’s hear another example. “I’ll eat 3 or 4 meatballs.”
Csaba:Megeszek 3-4 fasírtot.
Simone:One last. “Six or seven people are outside.”
Csaba:Van kinn hat-hét ember.
Simone:Again please.
Csaba: Van kinn hat-hét ember.
Simone:All righty, let’s do grammar.
GRAMMAR POINT
Simone:In this lesson we’re going to learn to conjugate the -ik verbs and more.
Csaba:Quite a large group of Hungarian verbs end in -ik. These are called -ik verbs.
Simone:Give us an example please.
Csaba:Utazik. This verb means “travel.” The -ik ending is on the third person singular form, which is also the dictionary form.
Simone:OK, so how different is the conjugation of -ik verbs from all the others?
Csaba:There are only two places where it differs from what we have learned before. In the first and third persons singular.
Simone:How do you say “I travel?”
Csaba:Utazom. The ending is -om.
Simone:Give us a full sentence please. “I’m traveling this summer.”
Csaba:A nyáron utazom.
Simone:Ok, so the ending in first person changed.
Csaba:And the ending in third person changes too. To -ik, or course.
Simone:Another sentence please.
Csaba:Közeledik az évvége.
Simone:“The end of the year is approaching.”
Csaba:Közeledik az évvége.
Simone:All right. Listeners, take note. The conjugation of -ik verbs is different in first and third person singular.
Csaba:Right. There is another group of verbs though that came up in this text. From the point of view of verb conjugation, there are regular and -ik verbs, and finally the verbs that end in one of these consonant: -s, -sz, -z.
Simone:Eww, more tables?
Csaba:The ONLY difference between these and regular verbs is in second person singular. No worries Simone.
Simone:Ok, give us an example.
Csaba:We had the verb hoz in the text. This one ends in -z, as you can hear. Now, in second person singular it is hozol.
Simone:A full sentence please.
Csaba:Hozol egy kis kekszet?
Simone:“Will you bring some cookies?”
Csaba:Now it makes sense that the conjugation changes here. We learned that with regular verbs the second person ended in -sz. These words already end in -s, -sz or -z - very similar sounds.
Simone:That would make them close to impossible to pronounce.
Csaba:Right. Now you’re supposed to know how to conjugate the overwhelming majority of verbs. If you don’t remember, make sure you check out our earlier lessons and the lesson notes for this lesson.
Simone:Yes, it contains not only this material, but a bit of a reminder too.

Outro

Csaba:That’s right. See you next time!
Simone:Bye.

5 Comments

Hide
Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

HungarianPod101.comVerified
Monday at 6:30 pm
Pinned Comment
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Can you remember what was the best "ajándék" (gift) you ever got and how you felt?

HungarianPod101.comVerified
Sunday at 11:00 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Szia Ori!


Thanks for your question!


Actually, the second table is a comparison with the first one adding a third column with "hoz".


Do you have any questions that need to be cleared ?


Please don't hesitate!

Best,

Dorottya

Team HungarianPod101.com

Ori
Friday at 4:09 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi,


I think there is a mistake in the second table in the lesson notes. It was supposed to illustrate -s -sz -z verbs, but instead it's identical to the first table.

HungarianPod101.comVerified
Friday at 4:36 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Szia Robert,


Thank you very much for your question, that's an interesting one! :wink:


Actually, the ending in -ik verbs is traditionally written as in the table with "eszem, eszel, eszik". However, most Hungarians would now naturally say eszek, eszel, eszik, which is the sign that this conjugation is disappearing slowly from the language (in some regions it might be still in use). When you learn a new verb, it is usually better to check the conjugation each time, just to make sure! :thumbs:


However, don't worry about confusing these two, you will still be understood! :wink:


If you need any help, please don't hesitate!


Best,

Dorottya

Team HungarianPod101.com

Robert
Monday at 11:48 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Csuba said I'll eat 6 or 7 meatballs. He used 1st person eszek in the table I have 1st person is eszom? Can you clarify please. Szia