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Lesson Transcript

Simone: Hi everyone and welcome back to HungarianPod101.com This is Lower Beginner, Season 1, lesson 11, Choosing the Perfect Hungarian Gift. I’m Simone.
Csaba: And I’m Csaba.
Simone: In this lesson you're going to learn the conjugation of ik verbs as well as how to talk about hobbies.
Csaba: The conversation takes place in a store.
Simone: Between Anne and a store clerk.
Csaba: They use formal language.
Simone: Let’s listen to the conversation.
Simone: All right, so Christmas is on the way.
Csaba: I'm not in love with that time of the year.
Simone: Really? I remember spending a couple of afternoons outside drinking wine. It's great.
Csaba: Well, you're from Australia, right? Isn't it summer when Christmas comes?
Simone: That's true. It would be different in Hungary.
Csaba: Yep. The winter season brings a lot of long days, grey weather, darkness, cold weather.
Simone: Does it snow in Hungary?
Csaba: Sometimes, but not every year, though. And almost never on Christmas Day.
Simone: Got it. Okay, let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
The first word we shall see is
Keres. Look for, search.
Közeledik. Approach, close in, come.
Karácsony. Christmas.
Vesz. Buy.
Ajándék. Gift.
Olvas. Read.
Fényképezik. Photograph.
Utazik. Travel.
Egy pillanat türelmét kérem. Just a moment, please.
Hozni. Bring
And last,
Katalógus. Catalogue.
Simone: Let's have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Csaba: The first thing we want to mention here is how to say your hobbies.
Simone: Right, and what is the key sentence for that?
Csaba: Szeret utazni.
Simone: "He likes to travel."
Csaba: Szeret utazni. You now know how to conjugate the word szeret. Since indefinite conjugation is what you need before the infinitive utazni in "to travel," you can try out all the rest of the persons.
Simone: How do you say "do you like cycling?"
Csaba: Szeretsz biciklizni?
Simone: Again, please.
Csaba: Szeretsz biciklizni?
Simone: Okay, this seems quite straightforward. Just remember to find the infinitive of the verb you like or dislike. Infinitives end in -ni.
Csaba: The next thing we want to talk about is the phrase: Egy pillanat türelmét kérem.
Simone: Which literally means "I'm asking for one moment of your patience."
Csaba: Egy pillanat türelmét kérem. The reason why we mention this is because you'll hear it often.
Simone: Unfortunately that's right.
Csaba: Okay, and finally for this vocab section, let's see egy-két.
Simone: "One or two."
Csaba: Numbers can be paired up like this in Hungarian too.
Simone: Let's hear another example. "I'll eat three or four meatballs."
Csaba: Megeszek három-négy fasírtot.
Simone: One last one. "Six or seven people are outside."
Csaba: Van kinn hat-hét ember.
Simone: All right, let's go to the grammar.
Simone: In this lesson, you're going to learn to conjugate the -ik verbs and more.
Csaba: Quite a large group of Hungarian verbs end in -ik. These are called -ik verbs.
Simone: Can you give us an example, please, Csaba?
Csaba: Utazik. This verb means "travel." The -ik ending is in the third person singular form, which is also the dictionary form.
Simone: Okay, so how different is the conjugation of -ik verbs from all the others?
Csaba: There are only two places where it differs from what we have learned before. In the first and third person singular.
Simone: How do you say, "I travel"?
Csaba: Utazom. The ending is -om.
Simone: Give us a full sentence please. "I'm traveling this summer."
Csaba: A nyáron utazom.
Simone: Okay, so the ending in the first person changed.
Csaba: And the ending in third person changes to -ik, of course.
Simone: Another sentence with this please.
Csaba: Közeledik az évvége.
Simone: The end of the year is approaching.
Csaba: Közeledik az évvége.
Simone: All right, listeners, take note. The conjugation of -ik verbs is different in first and third person singular.
Csaba: Right. But there's another group of verbs that came up in this text. From the point of view of verb conjugation, there are regular and -ik verbs, and finally, the verbs that end in one of these three consonants: -s, -sz, -z.
Simone: Uh-oh, more tables?
Csaba: The only difference between these and regular verbs is in second person singular. No worries, Simone.
Simone: Okay, give us an example.
Csaba: We had the verb hoz in the text. This one ends in -z, as you can hear. Now, in second person singular, it is hozol.
Simone: A full sentence please.
Csaba: Hozol egy kis kekszet?
Simone: "Will you bring some cookies?"
Csaba: Now, it makes sense that the conjugation changes here. We learned that with regular verbs, the second person ended in -sz. These words already end in -s, -sz, or -z. Very similar sounds.
Simone: They make them close to impossible to pronounce.
Csaba: Right, now you're supposed to know how to conjugate the large majority of verbs. If you don't remember, make sure you check out our earlier lessons and the lesson notes for this lesson.
Simone: Yes, they contain not only this material but a bit of a reminder too.


Simone: Okay, that's it for this lesson. Thanks, everyone.
Csaba: Sziasztok!