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Lesson Transcript

Simone:Hello everyone and welcome to HungarianPod101.com This is Lower Beginner, Season 1, lesson 11, Choosing the Perfect Hungarian Gift. I’m Simone.
Csaba:And I’m Csaba.
Simone:In this lesson we’re going to learn the conjugation of ik verbs as well as talking about hobbies.
Csaba:The conversation takes place in a store.
Simone:Between Anne and a store clerk.
Csaba:They use the formal language.
Simone:Let’s listen to the conversation.
Simone:All right, Christmas is on the way.
Csaba:I’m not in love with that time of the year.
Simone:I remember spending a couple afternoons outside, drinking wine.
Csaba:Yep, those long winter days just make you want to spend a lot more to get rid of the blues.
Simone:Now why would you be unhappy?
Csaba:Oh, the gray weather, the darkness all day, the cold...
Simone:Literally none of those are true.
Csaba:Let’s do vocab and not fight about it.
Simone:All right.
Csaba:The first thing we want to mention here is how to say your hobbies.
Simone:Right. What was the key sentence for that?
Csaba:Szeret utazni.
Simone:“He like to travel.”
Csaba:Szeret utazni. You now know how to conjugate the word szeret. Since indefinite conjugation is what you need before the infinitive utazni in “to travel,” you can try out all the rest of persons.
Simone:How do you say “do you like cycling?”
Csaba:Szeretsz biciklizni?
Simone:Again please.
Csaba:Szeretsz biciklizni?
Simone:Okay, this seems quite straightforward. Just remember to find the infinitive of the verb you like or dislike. Infinitives end in -ni.
Csaba:The next thing we want to talk about is the phrase: Egy pillanat türelmét kérem.
Simone:Which literally means: “I am asking for one moment of your patience.”
Csaba:Egy pillanat türelmét kérem. The reason why we mention this is because, well, you’ll hear it often.
Simone:Hah, unfortunately that’s right.
Csaba:OK, and finally for this vocab section, let’s see egy-két.
Simone:“One or two.”
Csaba:Numbers can be paired up like this in Hungarian too.
Simone:Let’s hear another example. “I’ll eat 3 or 4 meatballs.”
Csaba:Megeszek 3-4 fasírtot.
Simone:One last. “Six or seven people are outside.”
Csaba:Van kinn hat-hét ember.
Simone:Again please.
Csaba: Van kinn hat-hét ember.
Simone:All righty, let’s do grammar.
Simone:In this lesson we’re going to learn to conjugate the -ik verbs and more.
Csaba:Quite a large group of Hungarian verbs end in -ik. These are called -ik verbs.
Simone:Give us an example please.
Csaba:Utazik. This verb means “travel.” The -ik ending is on the third person singular form, which is also the dictionary form.
Simone:OK, so how different is the conjugation of -ik verbs from all the others?
Csaba:There are only two places where it differs from what we have learned before. In the first and third persons singular.
Simone:How do you say “I travel?”
Csaba:Utazom. The ending is -om.
Simone:Give us a full sentence please. “I’m traveling this summer.”
Csaba:A nyáron utazom.
Simone:Ok, so the ending in first person changed.
Csaba:And the ending in third person changes too. To -ik, or course.
Simone:Another sentence please.
Csaba:Közeledik az évvége.
Simone:“The end of the year is approaching.”
Csaba:Közeledik az évvége.
Simone:All right. Listeners, take note. The conjugation of -ik verbs is different in first and third person singular.
Csaba:Right. There is another group of verbs though that came up in this text. From the point of view of verb conjugation, there are regular and -ik verbs, and finally the verbs that end in one of these consonant: -s, -sz, -z.
Simone:Eww, more tables?
Csaba:The ONLY difference between these and regular verbs is in second person singular. No worries Simone.
Simone:Ok, give us an example.
Csaba:We had the verb hoz in the text. This one ends in -z, as you can hear. Now, in second person singular it is hozol.
Simone:A full sentence please.
Csaba:Hozol egy kis kekszet?
Simone:“Will you bring some cookies?”
Csaba:Now it makes sense that the conjugation changes here. We learned that with regular verbs the second person ended in -sz. These words already end in -s, -sz or -z - very similar sounds.
Simone:That would make them close to impossible to pronounce.
Csaba:Right. Now you’re supposed to know how to conjugate the overwhelming majority of verbs. If you don’t remember, make sure you check out our earlier lessons and the lesson notes for this lesson.
Simone:Yes, it contains not only this material, but a bit of a reminder too.


Csaba:That’s right. See you next time!