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Lesson Transcript

Simone:Hello everyone and welcome back to HungarianPod101.com. This is Lower Beginner Season 1, lesson 5, Satisfying your Hunger in Hungarian. I am Simone.
Csaba:And I am Csaba.
Simone:In this lesson we’re going to learn to use some nouns as object in a sentence.
Csaba:The dialogue takes place in Anne’s apartment...
Simone:...between Anne and Balázs.
Csaba:As usual, they talk informally.
Simone:Let’s listen to the conversation.
Simone:All right, the food is on the way, maybe the night might still turn out to be romantic.
Csaba:With home delivery? I don’t think so.
Simone:You can’t be out of your house all the time. Which reminds me, do I tip delivery guys in Hungary?
Csaba:Yes, you tip everyone. These guys normally get about ten percent, cabbies expect around fifteen.
Simone:So you pretty much tip everyone in Hungary, right?
Csaba:Well, service industry, yes. It is also customary to give some money to the guys who fix things in your home.
Simone:How much is that?
Csaba:There is no fixed rule, but I’d say no less than 1000 forints. Now, those guys might try not give you a receipt. In that case, you don’t tip since they don’t pay taxes after what they’ve earned.
Simone:You should know that this is illegal.
Csaba:But not your fault. Anyways, vocab?
Simone:Let’s hear it.
Simone:All right. What do you have for us?
Csaba:The first phrase we’re going to talk about is ne türelmetlenkedj!
Simone:Talk about unnecessarily long words...
Csaba:Ne türelmetlenkedj!
Simone:Which means “don’t be impatient.”
Csaba:Right. The base word is türelem or “patience.” Than we have türelmetlen, or “impatient.”
Simone:Give us an example with that.
Csaba:Please repeat: János nagyon türelmetlen.
Simone:“János is very impatient.”
Csaba:And as a final step, we turn it into a verb, türelmetlenkedik, which literally means
Simone:Can you repeat the first sentence again?
Csaba:Ne türelmetlenkedj! Needless to say, this is very informal. Ne means don’t.
Simone:How do you say “don’t go!”
Csaba:Repeat: Ne menj!
Simone:All right, what else?
Csaba:Please repeat: Kész vagy már?
Simone:“Are you done yet?”
Csaba:This is used to urge the other person to work faster. Also very informal. I’ll repeat again: Kész vagy már?
Simone:These are all very informal, so please give us a more formal version too.
Csaba:All right, let’s say you need to have some official business taken care of. You are registering at immigration, taking care of a fine or anything official basically. Upon finishing, you might want to ask: Már kész is vagyunk?
Simone:“We’re done already?”
Csaba:This pays a compliment, because you are happy about the swift and convenient handling of your stuff. It also carries the meaning that you’re polite and grateful.
Simone:And if you’re not done yet, they can always say: nem.
Csaba:Right. Can we go to grammar now?
Simone:I know you’ve been aching to.
Simone:In this lesson we’re going learn how to turn nouns into accusative, that is, how to make a noun the object in a sentence.
Csaba:Yes. As you might remember from the past lessons, we taught you indefinite conjugation of verbs. Indefinite conjugation is used when there is no object – which is not what we deal with today – or if there is an object that’s preceded by an indefinite article.
Simone:In English of course, the indefinite articles are “a/an.”
Csaba:In Hungarian, it is egy. You also use indefinite conjugation, if there is no article, or there is a quantity before the noun.
Simone:All right, tell us what to pay attention to.
Csaba:I’ll give you a noun and a sentence. Tészta. 2X
Csaba:Kérek egy tésztát. 2X
Simone:Literally: “I’d like a noodle.” but “I’d like some noodles.”
Csaba:Right. You saw how tészta became tésztát. This is because in the sentence it is in the object position, in the accusative.
Simone:All right, so what’s the rule?
Csaba:If a noun ends in a vowel and you want to put it in the accusative, add a -t. If that vowel is a, pronounce á. Tészta becomes tésztát. If that vowel is an e, pronounce é.
Simone:Ok, we’ve had examples like that. Coke was?
Simone:In the accusative, say, “I’d like coke.”
Csaba:Kólát kérek. Kóla became kólát.
Simone:All right. This is doable. Add t after vowel, change a and e. What happens when the last letter is not a vowel, but a consonant?
Csaba:I’m glad you asked Simone.
Csaba:You choose one of these: -ot, -et, -öt. The usual vowel harmony rules apply.
Simone:I knew it wouldn’t be that easy. Let’s hear a couple of examples. “student”
Csaba:The base word is diák. In the accusative: diákot.
Simone:How do you say: “I teach a student”?
Csaba:Tanítok egy diákot.
Simone:All right, another one. “Lunch.”
Csaba:“Lunch” in Hungarian is ebéd. In the accusative: ebédet.
Simone:“Would you like a nice lunch?”
Csaba:Kérsz egy finom ebédet?
Simone:All right, anything else?
Csaba:One final note. If the noun ends in one of these consonants: l, ly, n, ny, r, s, sz or z, just simply add a -t.
Simone:I don’t even know if it makes it easier or harder.
Csaba:Easier, of course. Check the lesson notes for more information!


Simone:And see you guys next time. Bye.