Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Eric: Hi everyone, and welcome back to HungarianPod101.com. This is Upper Intermediate Season 1 Lesson 10 - A Visit to the Hungarian Bank. Eric here.
Lena: Hello. I'm Lena.
Eric: In this lesson, you’ll learn how to use the potential participle form and some participles in Hungarian. The conversation takes place at a bank.
Lena: It's between Tom and someone at the bank.
Eric: The speakers are strangers, so they will use formal Hungarian. Okay, let's listen to the conversation.

Lesson conversation

Tom: Milyen feltételekkel tudok önöknél bankszámlát nyitni?
Bank: Minden új szerződéshez díjmentes kártyahasználatot biztosítunk. Egy Visa kártyához akár 200000 Ft hitelkeret is igényelhető.
Tom: A hitelkeret mennyi idő alatt törlesztendő vissza?
Bank: A teljes összeget minden esetben 30 napon belül kell visszatörleszteni.
Tom: Hogyan tudok pénzt utalni?
Bank: Biztosítunk önnek internetes és telefonos hozzáférést a fiókjához, így bárhol és bármikor biztonságosan utalhat.
Tom: Hogyan tudom megszüntetni a bankszámlámat?
Bank: A szerződés írásban és személyesen felmondható, a felmondási díj 2500Ft.
Tom: Milyen iratokra van szükség a bankszámlanyitáshoz?
Bank: Személyi igazolvány vagy útlevél, lakcím kártya és egy minimális összeg, amit a számlára utalhatunk.
Eric: Listen to the conversation with the English translation.
Tom: What are your conditions to open a bank account?
Bank: We offer a credit card with no fee for every new contract. You can ask for a credit line of 200,000Ft with every Visa card.
Tom: When should the credit be paid back?
Bank: The total amount must be paid back in 30 days.
Tom: How can I transfer money?
Bank: We provide you with Internet and smartphone access to your account so that you can safely transfer money anytime and anywhere.
Tom: How can I close my bank account?
Bank: The contract can be terminated in person or by letter. The cancellation fee is 2500Ft.
Tom: What are the documents required for opening a bank account?
Bank: ID card or passport, residence card, and a small amount of money that we can transfer to your account.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Eric: Lena, what are the official ID documents Hungarians generally carry in their wallet?
Lena: They are an “ID card” - személyi igazolvány, “proof of address” - lakcím kártya, “social security card” - TAJ-kártya, “passport” - útlevél and “driving licence” - jogosítvány.
Eric: Do you take it with you every time you leave your home?
Lena: Yes. But you can leave your passport at home if you have your ID card with you.
Eric: I see...
Lena: So, if a policeman asks you to show an identification card, passport or driving licence, but you don't have any, in some cases they might even bring you to the police station!
Eric: Wow. I guess you gotta be careful! Okay, now onto the vocab.
VOCAB LIST
Eric: Let’s take a look at the vocabulary from this lesson. The first word is..
Lena: feltétel [natural native speed]
Eric: condition
Lena: feltétel [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Lena: feltétel [natural native speed]
Eric: Next we have..
Lena: bankszámla [natural native speed]
Eric: bank account
Lena: bankszámla [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Lena: bankszámla [natural native speed]
Eric: Next we have..
Lena: díjmentes [natural native speed]
Eric: free of charge
Lena: díjmentes [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Lena: díjmentes [natural native speed]
Eric: Next we have..
Lena: szerződés [natural native speed]
Eric: contract
Lena: szerződés [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Lena: szerződés [natural native speed]
Eric: Next we have..
Lena: igényel [natural native speed]
Eric: to ask for
Lena: igényel [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Lena: igényel [natural native speed]
Eric: Next we have..
Lena: visszatörleszt [natural native speed]
Eric: to pay back
Lena: visszatörleszt [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Lena: visszatörleszt [natural native speed]
Eric: Next we have..
Lena: hozzáférés [natural native speed]
Eric: access
Lena: hozzáférés [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Lena: hozzáférés [natural native speed]
Eric: Next we have..
Lena: megszüntet [natural native speed]
Eric: to cancel, to terminate
Lena: megszüntet [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Lena: megszüntet [natural native speed]
Eric: Next we have..
Lena: felmondás [natural native speed]
Eric: cancellation
Lena: felmondás [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Lena: felmondás [natural native speed]
Eric: And last..
Lena: utal [natural native speed]
Eric: to transfer
Lena: utal [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Lena: utal [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Eric: Let's have a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson. The first phrase is..
Lena: Bankszámlát nyit
Eric: Which means “to open a bank account”
Lena: For example...Bankszámlát nyitottam az OTP-nél.
Eric: Which means, “I opened a bank account at OTP bank.”
Lena: A férjemmel közös bankszámlát nyitottunk.
Eric: “We opened a common bank account with my husband.”
Lena: The word bankszámla means “bank account” and the verb nyit means “to open”. Számla alone means “account,” “invoice,” or “bill”. For example..Befizetem a telefonszámlát
Eric: “I pay the phone bill.” Okay, what's the next phrase?
Lena: Felmondja a szerződést
Eric: Which means “to cancel the contract”
Lena: The noun szerződés means “contract” and the verb felmond means “to cancel”. Once more, Felmondja a szerződést
Eric: Actually, you can use the noun “contract” in many phrases. For example...
Lena: Lakásbérleti szerződés
Eric: “Tenancy contract”
Lena: Adásvételi szerződés
Eric: “Sales contract”
Lena: Szerződést köt valakivel
Eric: “To contract with someone”
Lena: You can use the verb felmond in the following expressions... felmondja az állását
Eric: This means “quit one's job”
Lena: Felmondja a lakását
Eric: “To cancel a tenancy contract”. Lena, can you give us an example using this word?
Lena: Sure. For example, you can say.. Elsejével felmondtam az albérletet.
Eric: .. which means “I canceled my tenancy contract on the first day of the month.” Okay, what's the last word?
Lena: Pénzt utal
Eric: Which means “to transfer money”
Lena: The noun pénz means “money.” The verb utal can have different meanings.
Eric: The first meaning is “to send,” or “to transfer”. You can use it in two major cases: when sending money and when sending someone to the hospital.
Lena: For example, A szüleim minden hónapban utalnak pénzt.
Eric: “My parents send me money every month.”
Lena: Another example would be Kórházba utalták a hasfájása miatt.
Eric: This means “He/She was sent to the hospital because of his/her stomachache.” The second meaning of this verb is “to refer”, or “to point to”.
Lena: For example, Az elnök röviden utalt a tegnapi eseményekre.
Eric: “The president briefly referred to yesterday's events.” Okay, now onto the lesson focus.

Lesson focus

Eric: In this lesson, you’ll learn about the potential participle form and some participles in Hungarian. Let’s take a look at two essential grammar points that can help you in understanding your contract for opening a bank account.
Lena: Listeners, do you remember what the -ó or -ő stand for at the end of a transitive verb?
Eric: Lena, let’s remind them.
Lena: The -ó, -ő ending describes the person or thing doing a specific action.
Eric: Its characteristic is that the word can be both considered as a noun and as an adjective.
Lena: Right. For example... ír and író
Eric: Which mean “to write” and “writer” respectively.
Lena: Another example is...elad and eladó
Eric: “to sell” and “seller”
Lena: Tanul and tanuló
Eric: “Learn - learner”. Lena, can you give us some sample sentences?
Lena: Sure. Az író befejezte a könyv írását.
Eric: This means “The writer finished writing the book.”
Lena: Az ott ülő kislányt Biankának hívják.
Eric: “The girl sitting there is called Bianka.”
Lena: A vevők sok pénzt költöttek.
Eric: “The buyers spent a lot of money.”
Lena: Listeners, please note that when the verb with an ending in -ó, or -ő stands before a noun, it is considered as an adjective describing the noun. However, you can also use the verb with the -ó, -ő ending alone.
Eric: In this case, the verb becomes a noun that you can conjugate as a noun.
Lena: Right. For example we had the sample sentence Az ott ülő kislányt Biankának hívják.
Eric: Which means “The girl sitting there is called Bianka.”
Lena: But you can also say… Az ott ülőt Biankának hívják.
Eric: This means...“Who is sitting there is called Bianka”. Ok! Now let's move to the potential form.
Lena: You can make the potential form by adding -hat, or -het to the verb. Now let’s add the potential form to a verb with -ó, -ő. It becomes -ható, and -hető.
Eric: You can use this form to describe an action that can be done. You can also use the negative form to say that something cannot be done.
Lena: In this case just add -hatatlan, or -hetetlen to the verb.
Eric: Lena, can you give us some sample sentences?
Lena: Sure. Ez a csokoládé ehető vagy ehetetlen?
Eric: “Can this chocolate be eaten or not?”
Lena: Megbocsáthatatlan amit tettél.
Eric: “What you did cannot be excused” or “It’s not excusable.”
Lena: Hihetetlen, hogy sikerült!
Eric: “It’s unbelievable that we did it!”. Ok, let’s move to our next grammar focus for this lesson.
Lena: It’s the participles -andó, and -endő. You can attach them to a transitive verb and transform the latter into an adjective.
Eric: The function of this participle is to describe that something should be done.
Lena: For example, let's take the sentence A reggeli előtt a kávét kerülnie kell.
Eric: It means “You should avoid coffee before breakfast.”
Lena: By using the participle -andó, or -endő, you can also say…A reggeli előtt a kávé kerülendő.
Eric: “Coffee before breakfast should be avoided”
Lena: Another example is...A beszerzendő könyvek listáját augusztusban küldjük ki.
Eric: Which means “We will send the list of books that should be bought in August.”
Lena: The conjugation rules for andó-endő and ható-hető are the same. Simply attach them to the end of the verbs except for irregular verbs.
Eric: Listeners, you can find a list of basic conjugation rules in the lesson notes, so please be sure to check them out.

Outro

Eric: Okay, that’s all for this lesson. Thank you for listening, everyone, and we’ll see you next time! Bye!
Lena: Viszontlátásra

3 Comments

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HungarianPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
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How many ID cards do you have?

HungarianPod101.com Verified
Friday at 10:24 AM
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Hello Barbara,


Thank you for your comment. You can find lesson notes for each lesson in the top of this site, just above the main title of the lesson, next to the "Favorite" button. From over there you can download various PDF files with different contents depending on the type of the lesson.


Please let us know if you have any questions.


Cheers,

Stan

Team HungarianPod101.com

barbara
Friday at 03:34 AM
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I still have not found the "notes" which are frequently referred to