Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Eric: Hi everyone, and welcome back to HungarianPod101.com. This is Upper Intermediate Season 1 Lesson 14 - Finding a Place to Call Home in Hungary. Eric here.
Lena: Hello. I'm Lena.
Eric: In this lesson, you’ll learn how to use suffixes that mean “to” and “into” in Hungarian. The conversation takes place at an office.
Lena: It's between Tom and Réka.
Eric: The speakers are co-workers, so they will use informal Hungarian. Okay, let's listen to the conversation.

Lesson conversation

Réka: Hogy állsz a lakáskereséssel?
Tom: Egész jól, találtam egy szoba-konyhát a Nyugatitól nem messze.
Réka: Már be is költöztél az új lakásba?
Tom: Sajnos ez nem ilyen egyszerű, két havi kauciót kérnek és kezesem sincs.
Réka: Szerintem a cég tud kezességet vállalni. Mennyibe kerül a lakbér?
Tom: 95 ezer plusz rezsi. Nincs közös költség.
Réka: Az nem rossz. Bútorozott?
Tom: Igen, de szerintem lehet a tulajdonossal alkudozni. Ragaszkodom a saját ágyamhoz!
Réka: Tényleg, és mekkora a lakás?
Tom: 35 négyzetméter.
Réka: 35 négyzetméter és 95 ezer?? Úristen, Tamás, hova költözöl te a Budai várba?
Tom: Andrássy út...
Eric: Listen to the conversation with the English translation.
Reka: How's the apartment hunting?
Tom: Pretty good, I found a one-room flat not far from the Nyugati station.
Reka: Have you already moved to the new apartment?
Tom: Unfortunately, it's not that simple. They ask for a deposit of two months, and I don't even have a guarantor.
Reka: I think the company can be the guarantor. How much is the rent?
Tom: 95 thousand without other expenses. There is no utility fee.
Reka: That's not bad. Is it furnished?
Tom: Yes, but I think I can negotiate with the landlord. I want my own bed!
Reka: By the way, how big is the apartment?
Tom: 35 square meters.
Reka: 35 square meters and it costs 95 thousand?? God, Tom are you moving to the Buda Castle?
Tom: Andrassy Street...
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Eric: Lena, it is a well-known fact that when it comes to finding an apartment in a capital city, it's always tricky to figure out which districts are the most convenient.
Lena: I agree.
Eric: Can you recommend our listeners some places that would be a good price and good location in Budapest?
Lena: I think in Budapest, for a smaller budget, the 10th, 19th, 20th districts would be appealing because of the convenience of public transport. The 13th and 14th districts could be a good choice because of their proximity to the city center and their lower prices.
Eric: I see. And generally, what is the most popular district in Budapest?
Lena: The most popular, and therefore more expensive districts are the 9th, which is called Kelenföld, 2nd, called Rózsadomb, and 12th - Svábhegy.
Eric: Are there some districts that are best to avoid?
Lena: Yes. Some areas of the 8th and 10th districts should be avoided.
Eric: Okay, good to know. Now onto the vocab.
VOCAB LIST
Eric: Let’s take a look at the vocabulary from this lesson. The first word is..
Lena: lakáskeresés [natural native speed]
Eric: apartment hunting
Lena: lakáskeresés [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Lena: lakáskeresés [natural native speed]
Eric: Next we have..
Lena: szoba-konyha [natural native speed]
Eric: one-room flat
Lena: szoba-konyha [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Lena: szoba-konyha [natural native speed]
Eric: Next we have..
Lena: beköltözik [natural native speed]
Eric: to move in
Lena: beköltözik [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Lena: beköltözik [natural native speed]
Eric: Next we have..
Lena: kaució [natural native speed]
Eric: deposit
Lena: kaució [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Lena: kaució [natural native speed]
Eric: Next we have..
Lena: kezes [natural native speed]
Eric: guarantor
Lena: kezes [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Lena: kezes [natural native speed]
Eric: Next we have..
Lena: lakbér [natural native speed]
Eric: rent
Lena: lakbér [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Lena: lakbér [natural native speed]
Eric: Next we have..
Lena: rezsi [natural native speed]
Eric: bills
Lena: rezsi [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Lena: rezsi [natural native speed]
Eric: Next we have..
Lena: közös költség [natural native speed]
Eric: utility fee
Lena: közös költség [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Lena: közös költség [natural native speed]
Eric: Next we have..
Lena: bútorozott [natural native speed]
Eric: furnished
Lena: bútorozott [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Lena: bútorozott [natural native speed]
Eric: And last..
Lena: tulajdonos [natural native speed]
Eric: landlord
Lena: tulajdonos [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Lena: tulajdonos [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Eric: Let's have a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson. The first phrase is..
Lena: Kezességet vállal
Eric: Which means “to be a guarantor”
Lena: Vállal is a verb that means “to take over something” or “to accept the responsibility”. Kezesség is a noun that comes from kezes, which is “guarantor” in English.
Eric: Can you give us an example using this phrase?
Lena: Sure. For example, you can say.. Eldöntötte, hogy kezességet vállal a lakásért.
Eric: ..which means “He decided to be a guarantor for the apartment.” Okay, what's the next phrase?
Lena: Két havi kaució
Eric: “Deposit of two months”
Lena: Kaució means “deposit” for an apartment. Usually, we say 2-3 havi kaució where havi means “monthly".
Eric: Can you give us an example using this phrase?
Lena: Ok, here... Két havi kauciót kell fizetni ahhoz, hogy beköltözhessünk.
Eric: This means “We have to pay a deposit of two months to move in.” Okay, what's the last phrase?
Lena: Alkudozik a tulajdonossal
Eric: Which means “to negotiate with the landlord”
Lena: The noun tulajdonos means “owner”, or “landlord” but in a large variety of contexts. You can say, for example, lakástulajdonos
Eric: “Owner of the house”
Lena: Or számlatulajdonos
Eric: “Bank account holder”
Lena: The verb alkudozik means “to negotiate, to bargain”. It's usually followed by a noun with -en,-on endings.
Eric: Can you give us an example using this phrase?
Lena: Ok.. Alkudoztam a tulajdonossal az autó árán.
Eric: This means “I negotiated the price of the car with the owner.” Okay, now onto the lesson focus.

Lesson focus

Eric: In this lesson, you’ll learn about the suffixes that mean “to” and “into” in Hungarian.
Lena: In the previous lesson, we learned about the -ból, and -ből suffixes..
Eric: ..which you can use to describe the origin, a material, and an evolution of something.
Lena: In this lesson we will learn the suffixes ba, and -be which mean “to” or “into”. These suffixes are often combined with -ból, and -ből, since they are antonyms. For example, Kiszálltam a kocsiból és bementem a házba.
Eric: This means “I got out of the car and went into the house.”
Lena: This sentence illustrates the relationship between the suffixes -ból, -ből and the suffixes -ba,-be. Here, the word kocsi meaning“car” is the base, so we put -ból at the end of the noun. Ház is our destination, so we put -ba at the end.
Eric: Is there something else we should know about these suffixes?
Lena: Yes. The suffixes -ból, -ből are often combined with the prefix ki- which means “out”. And the suffixes -ba, or -be are often combined with the prefix be- which means “to, into”.
Eric: Can you give us some sample sentences?
Lena: Sure. Holnap bemegyek az iskolába és beszélek a tanárnővel.
Eric: This means “I will go to the school tomorrow and talk to the teacher.”
Lena: Beleolvastam a könyvbe és kiváncsi vagyok.
Eric: “I read into this book and I’m curious.”
Lena: Beverte a fejét az ablakba és felkiáltott.
Eric: “He/She bumped his/her head into the window and yelled.”
Lena: Listeners, you can also use the pronouns ez and az
Eric: Which mean “this” and “that” respectively...
Lena: With the suffixes -ból, -ből and -ba, -be. So, it will be... abból, ebből
Eric: Meaning “From that,” and “from this”
Lena: And abba, ebbe
Eric: “to that, to this”. Ok, Let's give our listeners some sample sentences.
Lena: For example, Ebből én nem iszok, tele van kalóriával.
Eric: “I’m not drinking from this, it’s full of calories.”
Lena: Abba a táskába rakd bele légy szíves!
Eric: “Please put it in that bag!”
Lena: Ebbe inkább ne menjünk bele!
Eric: “Let’s not get into this!”

Outro

Eric: Okay, that’s all for this lesson. Thank you for listening, everyone, and we’ll see you next time! Bye!
Lena: Viszontlátásra

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