Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Eric: Hi everyone, and welcome back to HungarianPod101.com. This is Upper Intermediate Season 1 Lesson 8 - Shopping for a New Computer in Hungary. Eric here.
Lena: Hello. I'm Lena.
Eric: In this lesson, you’ll learn how to compare the characteristics of two things. The conversation takes place at a store.
Lena: It's between Reka and a salesperson.
Eric: The speakers are strangers, and they will speak both formal and informal Hungarian. Okay, let's listen to the conversation.

Lesson conversation

Réka: Tanácstalan vagyok...Melyik számítógépet javasolná?
Eladó: Az attól függ, mit keres.
Réka: ŐŐ, lehetőleg egy gyorsabb és újabb típust, ami megbízható, de nem olyan drága. Nekem százezer a limit.
Eladó: Önnek ezt a típust ajánlanám. Ugyanolyan gyors és megbízható, mint a drágábbak, de elérhető áron.
Réka: És akkor mi a kettő között a különbség?
Eladó: Ebben a típusban a memória valamennyivel kisebb, de bővíthető.
Réka: Miért venném meg ezt, ha ennek a legkisebb a memóriája?
Eladó: Mert 15% kedvezményt adok rá.
Réka: Hol van a kassza?
Eric: Listen to the conversation with the English translation.
Reka: I’m confused. Which computer would you recommend?
Salesperson: It depends on what you are looking for...
Reka: Well, if possible, a faster and newer model which is reliable, but not that expensive. My limit is 100,000.
Salesperson: For you, I'd recommend this type. It's just as fast and reliable as the more expensive ones, but at an affordable price.
Reka: So then what is the difference between the two?
Salesperson: The memory in this one is a little smaller, but extendable.
Reka: Why should I buy this one if the memory is the smallest?
Salesperson: Because I can give you a 15% discount.
Reka: Where's the cash register?
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Eric: Lena, are there huge department stores with two or three floors in Budapest?
Lena: I would say there are a lot. There is at least one for every big metro station. They are quite convenient and you can find everything you need: a hypermarket, clothes, gifts, books, electronics, restaurants – there are even huge cinemas!
Eric: Wow, I guess it’s easy to spend the whole day there. What are the opening hours?
Lena: The opening hours are usually 10am-8pm on Mondays through Saturdays. The only thing you need is your credit card, since you can use it to pay anywhere; even in the smallest amounts. In some cases, they might also ask you for ID.
Eric: What are these cases?
Lena: For example, when you need to buy a phone, sim card, alcohol, cigarettes, and so on.
Eric: What are the biggest department stores?
Lena: I think WestEnd City Center, Mammut, Árkád, Aréna, and KÖKI.
Eric: Now you know where to do your shopping, listeners! Okay, now onto the vocab.
VOCAB LIST
Eric: Let’s take a look at the vocabulary from this lesson. The first word is..
Lena: tanácstalan [natural native speed]
Eric: confused
Lena: tanácstalan [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Lena: tanácstalan [natural native speed]
Eric: Next we have..
Lena: keres [natural native speed]
Eric: to look for, to search
Lena: keres [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Lena: keres [natural native speed]
Eric: Next we have..
Lena: javasol [natural native speed]
Eric: to recommend, to propose
Lena: javasol [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Lena: javasol [natural native speed]
Eric: Next we have..
Lena: ajánl [natural native speed]
Eric: to offer, to recommend
Lena: ajánl [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Lena: ajánl [natural native speed]
Eric: Next we have..
Lena: különbség [natural native speed]
Eric: difference
Lena: különbség [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Lena: különbség [natural native speed]
Eric: Next we have..
Lena: elérhető [natural native speed]
Eric: available, affordable
Lena: elérhető [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Lena: elérhető [natural native speed]
Eric: Next we have..
Lena: bővíthető [natural native speed]
Eric: extendable
Lena: bővíthető [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Lena: bővíthető [natural native speed]
Eric: Next we have..
Lena: kedvezmény [natural native speed]
Eric: discount
Lena: kedvezmény [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Lena: kedvezmény [natural native speed]
Eric: Next we have..
Lena: kassza [natural native speed]
Eric: cash register
Lena: kassza [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Lena: kassza [natural native speed]
Eric: And last..
Lena: függ [natural native speed]
Eric: to depend
Lena: függ [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Lena: függ [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Eric: Let's have a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson. The first phrase is..
Lena: Az attól függ
Eric: Which means “it depends on”. This expression is usually followed by a comma explaining the context.
Lena: We often add the conjunction hogy after the comma.
Eric: You can also use this phrase as a simple answer.
Lena: Az attól függ.
Eric: Which means “It depends”. And then simply add the context in a new sentence if you want to elaborate.
Lena: You can also use this expression with personal pronouns, conjugated with the -tól or től ending. For example...Ez nem tőlem függ.
Eric: This means “It doesn't depend on me.” Can you give us an example using this phrase?
Lena: Sure. For example, you can say.. Ez sajnos nem tőlem függ, de minden tőlem telhetőt megteszek.
Eric: ..which means “Unfortunately it's beyond my control, but I will do my very best.” Okay, what's the next word?
Lena: Elérhető ár
Eric: Which means “affordable price”
Lena: The adjective elérhető can describe an affordable price. It comes from the potential form of the verb elér..
Eric: ...which means “to reach”, or “to access”.
Lena: You can use elérhető to describe something attainable. For example... elérhető cél
Eric: Which means “attainable goal”. Can you give us an example using this word?
Lena: Sure. For example, you can say.. A legfontosabb, hogy elérhető célt tűzz ki magad elé.
Eric: .. Which means “The most important thing is to fix yourself an attainable goal.” Okay, what's the last word?
Lena: Kedvezményt ad
Eric: Which means “to give a discount”. You will hear it a lot when shopping. You can use it in two different ways.
Lena: First, with the ending in -ból or -ből . For example.. 10 százalék kedvezményt ad az árból.
Eric: “He gives a 10% discount of the price”
Lena: Secondly, you can use the ending -ra or -rá. For example…. 2000 forint kedvezményt adok rá.
Eric: “I’ll give you a 2000 forint discount on this.” Okay, now onto the lesson focus.

Lesson focus

Eric: In this lesson, you’ll learn how to compare the characteristics of two things. There are several ways of comparing two things. In this lesson, we will look at comparing two things that are exactly alike.
Lena: In Hungarian, we use the prefix ugyan- combined with different pronouns to say that two things, ways, and so on, are completely the same.
Eric: Can you give us some examples?
Lena: For example...Let's take the words itt, meaning “here” and ott, meaning “there”. They both answer the question Hol? meaning “where”. Then add the prefix ugyan-. It will become...ugyanitt or ugyanott
Eric: They both mean “at the same place”.
Lena: Right. Another example is the words ez and az
Eric: Which mean “this” and “that” respectively.
Lena: Add the prefix ugyan-. And we’ll get...ugyanez
Eric: Which means “the same as this”
Lena: And ugyanaz
Eric: “the same as that”.
Lena: And the last example...the words Így and úgy
Eric: which mean “like this” and “like that” respectively.
Lena: By adding ugyan- they will become ugyanígy and ugyanúgy
Eric: Meaning “Just as this” and “just as that” respectively. Ok, let’s give our listeners some sample sentences.
Lena: Ugyanúgy kell leírni, mint ahogy kiejted.
Eric: “You write it the same way you pronounce it.”
Lena: Ugyanolyan a pulcsim, mint a tiéd.
Eric: “I have the same sweatshirt as you.”
Lena: Ugyanaz a számom, mint azelőtt.
Eric: “My phone number is the same as before.” Another way of comparing two things is to use stronger or weaker adjectives.
Lena: Unfortunately, there is no rule for building strong adjectives. For example, Hungarians often overuse the word nagyon which means “very” to express the degree of adjectives and say nagyon nagy or “very big”.
Eric: Lena, are there some pairs of weak and strong adjectives?
Lena: Yes. For example…szép, meaning “beautiful” and gyönyörű meaning “gorgeous”. Of course, gyönyörű is a stronger adjective than szép. For example, you can say...Gyönyörű vagy ma!
Eric: This means “You look gorgeous today!”.
Lena: Another example of this kind of pair is..riadt - “afraid” and rémült - “frightened”. Rémült is the stronger adjective.
Eric: Can you give us an example please?
Lena: For example...Rémült szemekkel nézett rám.
Eric: “He looked at me totally frightened.” Listeners, for more examples and explanations please, check the lesson notes.

Outro

Eric: Okay, that’s all for this lesson. Thank you for listening, everyone, and we’ll see you next time! Bye!
Lena: Viszontlátásra

5 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

HungarianPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
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What's your favorite shopping mall in Hungary?

HungarianPod101.com Verified
Friday at 06:13 PM
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Kedves Patricia!


Thank you very much for your explanations.


In Budapest, Arena, is a "bevásárló központ" or "pláza" in familiar register - shopping centre,

Interspar and Tesco are department stores.


Jó vásárlást!😉

Dorottya

Team HungarianPod101.com

Patricia Finney
Saturday at 04:39 AM
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You do know that a "department store" is a completely different thing from a "shopping centre" or "shopping mall"? A shopping centre has a number of different shops under one roof. A department store is one shop where you can buy a large variety of things. Mammut is a shopping centre. Selfridges, in London, is a department store.


HungarianPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 06:17 PM
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Szia Barbara!


Thank you for your comment!


You can download the lesson notes by clicking on the "Download PDF" button above the title!


Szép napot,

Dorottya

Team HungarianPod101.com

barbara
Sunday at 11:12 PM
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It is sometimes suggested to "check the notes". Where can they be found?